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Dominican Republic Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/dominican_republic/dominican_republic_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Dominican Republic Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 70 40 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 48,670 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 48,320 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 350 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 132

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

Land boundaries:
total: 376 km
border countries (1): Haiti 376 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,288 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

Terrain:
rugged highlands and mountains interspersed with fertile valleys

Elevation:
mean elevation: 424 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

Natural resources:
nickel, bauxite, gold, silver, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 51.5% arable land 16.6%; permanent crops 10.1%; permanent pasture 24.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 40.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 7.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,070 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
coastal development is significant, especially in the southern coastal plains and the Cibao Valley, where population density is highest; smaller population clusters exist in the interior mountains (Cordillera Central)

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds makes up the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)


NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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