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Eritrea Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/eritrea/eritrea_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Eritrea Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 39 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 117,600 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 101,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 16,600 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 101

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Pennsylvania
Area comparison map: slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 1,840 km
border countries (3): Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1,033 km, Sudan 682 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,234 km (mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate:
hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands

Terrain:
dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 853 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m highest point: Soira 3,018 m

Natural resources:
gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 75.1% arable land 6.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 68.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 15.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 9.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
210 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
frequent droughts, rare earthquakes and volcanoes; locust swarms
volcanism: Dubbi (elev. 1,625 m), which last erupted in 1861, was the country's only historically active volcano until Nabro (2,218 m) came to life on 12 June 2011

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993


NOTE: The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eritrea Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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