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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/falkland_islands/falkland_islands_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 500 km east of southern Argentina

Geographic coordinates:
51 45 S, 59 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 12,173 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 12,173 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
country comparison to the world: 165

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,288 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:
cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 60 cm in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but typically does not accumulate

Terrain:
rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

Natural resources:
fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

Land use:
agricultural land: 92.4% arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 92.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 7.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
NA
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a very small population, with most residents living in and around Stanley

Natural hazards:
strong winds persist throughout the year

Environment - current issues:
overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer - introduced to the islands in 2001 from South Georgia - are part of a farming effort to produce specialty meat and diversify the islands' economy; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the 1986 Chornobyl disaster

Geography - note:
deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

NOTE: The information regarding Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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