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Gabon PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/gabon/gabon_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Gabonese (singular and plural)
adjective: Gabonese

Ethnic groups:
Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality

Languages:
French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Religions:
Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

Population:
1,640,286 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.1% (male 347,203/female 344,008)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.3% (male 166,328/female 165,843)
25-54 years: 29.7% (male 243,111/female 243,442)
55-64 years: 4.1% (male 32,871/female 34,692)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 26,627/female 36,161) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 77.4 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 68.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.2 %
potential support ratio: 10.9 (2013)

Median age:
total: 18.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18.4 years
female: 18.8 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.96% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
34.82 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
13.11 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 86.2% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
LIBREVILLE (capital) 619,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
230 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 51
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 48.02 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 44
male: 55.49 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 52.15 years
country comparison to the world: 214
male: 51.58 years
female: 52.74 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.52 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
31.1% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 179
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.29 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
6.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 95.3% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 87.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.7% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 12.1% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 33.3% of population
rural: 30.4% of population
total: 32.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 66.7% of population
rural: 69.6% of population
total: 67.1% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
5.2% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
46,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,400 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
13.9% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
8.8% (2001)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 92.3%
female: 85.6% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2002)


NOTE: The information regarding Gabon on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gabon PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gabon PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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