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Gambia, The Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/gambia_the/gambia_the_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Gambia, The Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Geographic coordinates:
13 28 N, 16 34 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 11,300 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 10,120 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,180 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 167

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

Land boundaries:
total: 749 km
border countries (1): Senegal 749 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
80 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: extent not specified

Climate:
tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

Terrain:
flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

Elevation:
mean elevation: 34 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m

Natural resources:
fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

Land use:
agricultural land: 56.1% arable land 41%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 14.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 43.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
50 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country in Africa

NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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