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Gambia, The PEOPLE 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/gambia_the/gambia_the_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Gambia, The PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
2,009,648 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Gambian(s)
adjective: Gambian

Ethnic groups:
Mandinka/Jahanka 33.8%, Fulani/Tukulur/Lorobo 22.1%, Wollof 12.2%, Jola/Karoninka 10.9%, Serahuleh 7%, Serere 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Creole/Aku Marabout 0.8%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no answer 0.7% (2013 est.)

Languages:
English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

Religions:
Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no answer 0.1% (2013 est.)

Demographic profile:
The Gambia’s youthful age structure – almost 60% of the population is under the age of 25 – is likely to persist because the country’s total fertility rate remains strong at nearly 4 children per woman. The overall literacy rate is around 55%, and is significantly lower for women than for men. At least 70% of the populace are farmers who are reliant on rain-fed agriculture and cannot afford improved seeds and fertilizers. Crop failures caused by droughts between 2011 and 2013 have increased poverty, food shortages, and malnutrition. The Gambia is a source country for migrants and a transit and destination country for migrants and refugees. Since the 1980s, economic deterioration, drought, and high unemployment, especially among youths, have driven both domestic migration (largely urban) and migration abroad (legal and illegal). Emigrants are largely skilled workers, including doctors and nurses, and provide a significant amount of remittances. The top receiving countries for Gambian emigrants are Spain, the US, Nigeria, Senegal, and the UK. While the Gambia and Spain do not share historic, cultural, or trade ties, rural Gambians have migrated to Spain in large numbers because of its proximity and the availability of jobs in its underground economy (this flow slowed following the onset of Spain’s late 2007 economic crisis). The Gambia’s role as a host country to refugees is a result of wars in several of its neighboring West African countries. Since 2006, refugees from the Casamance conflict in Senegal have replaced their pattern of flight and return with permanent settlement in The Gambia, often moving in with relatives along the Senegal-Gambia border. The strain of providing for about 7,400 Casamance refugees has increased poverty among Gambian villagers.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 37.88% (male 382,215/female 379,029)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.64% (male 204,979/female 209,866)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 33.92% (male 333,875/female 347,779)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.14% (male 39,978/female 43,177)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.42% (male 32,011/female 36,739) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 94.2%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 89.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 22.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 20.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 20.4 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 21 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 186

Population growth rate:
2.11% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
30.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 59.6% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.33% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
BANJUL (capital) 504,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
706 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 62 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 67.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 56.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 18

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 62.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 67.3 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 178

Total fertility rate:
3.63 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
9% (2013)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.3% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 94.2% of population rural: 84.4% of population total: 90.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 5.8% of population rural: 15.6% of population total: 9.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 61.5% of population rural: 55% of population total: 58.9% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 38.5% of population rural: 45% of population total: 41.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.82% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
20,500 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,000 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
9.1% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 138
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
16.4% (2013)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.8% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 109
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 55.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 63.9%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 47.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 9 years (2010)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 103,389
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 25% (2006 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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