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Georgia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/georgia/georgia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Georgia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with a sliver of land north of the Caucasus extending into Europe; note - Georgia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

Geographic coordinates:
42 00 N, 43 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 69,700 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 69,700 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 121

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina; slightly larger than West Virginia
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than South Carolina; slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,814 km
border countries (4): Armenia 219 km, Azerbaijan 428 km, Russia 894 km, Turkey 273 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
310 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Terrain:
largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; fertile soils in river valley flood plains and foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,432 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 m highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m

Natural resources:
timber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Land use:
agricultural land: 35.5% arable land 5.8%; permanent crops 1.8%; permanent pasture 27.9%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 39.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,330 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
settlement coincides closely to the central valley, with emphasis on the capital city of Tbilisi in the east; smaller urban agglomerations dot the Black Sea coast, with Bat'umi being the largest

Natural hazards:
earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them


NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Georgia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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