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Ghana Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/ghana/ghana_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Ghana Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 2 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 238,533 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 227,533 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 11,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 82

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:
total: 2,420 km
border countries (3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
539 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

Terrain:
mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Elevation:
mean elevation: 190 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m

Natural resources:
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 69.1% arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 11.9%; permanent pasture 36.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 21.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
340 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts

Environment - current issues:
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake (manmade reservoir) by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi); the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in 1965, which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers


NOTE: The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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