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Ghana PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/ghana/ghana_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective: Ghanaian

Ethnic groups:
Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande-Busanga 1.1%, other 1.6% (2010 census)

Languages:
Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)

Religions:
Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census)

Population:
25,199,609 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 38.7% (male 4,902,094/female 4,858,630)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 2,360,293/female 2,382,573)
25-54 years: 33.7% (male 4,120,921/female 4,363,889)
55-64 years: 4.7% (male 577,431/female 610,716)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 476,297/female 546,765) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 72.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 66.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6 %
potential support ratio: 16.7 (2013)

Median age:
total: 20.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 20.3 years
female: 21.2 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.19% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
31.7 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.53 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 51.9% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
ACCRA (capital) 2.269 million; Kumasi 1.773 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 39.7 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 59
male: 43.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 65.32 years
country comparison to the world: 172
male: 62.99 years
female: 67.71 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.12 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
23.5% (2008)

Health expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.09 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 92.1% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 86.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.9% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 13.7% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 18.8% of population
rural: 7.7% of population
total: 13.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 81.2% of population
rural: 92.3% of population
total: 86.5% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.8% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
260,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
18,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7.5% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
14.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 54
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
8.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.5%
male: 78.3%
female: 65.3% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2012)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 1,806,750
percentage: 34 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 16.6%
country comparison to the world: 78
male: 16.4%
female: 16.7% (2000)


NOTE: The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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