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Guyana Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/guyana/guyana_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guyana Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

Geographic coordinates:
5 00 N, 59 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 214,969 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 196,849 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 18,120 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 85

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Idaho

Land boundaries:
total: 2,933 km
border countries (3): Brazil 1,308 km, Suriname 836 km, Venezuela 789 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
459 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)

Terrain:
mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 207 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 8.4% arable land 2.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 6.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 77.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 14.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,430 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with noteable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
flash flood threat during rainy seasons

Environment - current issues:
water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively


NOTE: The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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