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Iran Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/iran/iran_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Iran Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan

Geographic coordinates:
32 00 N, 53 00 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 1,648,195 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,531,595 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 116,600 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 18

Area - comparative:
almost 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska
Area comparison map: almost 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 5,894 km
border countries (7): Afghanistan 921 km, Armenia 44 km, Azerbaijan 689 km, Iraq 1,599 km, Pakistan 959 km, Turkey 534 km, Turkmenistan 1,148 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,440 km; note - Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf
continental shelf: natural prolongation

Climate:
mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast

Terrain:
rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,305 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

Land use:
agricultural land: 30.1% arable land 10.8%; permanent crops 1.2%; permanent pasture 18.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 6.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 63.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
95,530 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much smaller population density

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport


NOTE: The information regarding Iran on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iran Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iran Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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