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Laos PEOPLE 2015
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/laos/laos_people.html
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on June 20, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian

Ethnic groups:
Lao 55%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 8%, other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) 26% (2005 census)

Languages:
Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages

Religions:
Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census)

Population:
6,803,699 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 34.8% (male 1,195,364/female 1,173,520)
15-24 years: 21.3% (male 719,205/female 728,729)
25-54 years: 35% (male 1,176,018/female 1,208,452)
55-64 years: 5.1% (male 169,291/female 175,815)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 116,299/female 141,006) (2014 est.) population pyramid:

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 62.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 56.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 %
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 22 years
male: 21.7 years
female: 22.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.59% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
24.76 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.74 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 34.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
VIENTIANE (capital) 810,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
470 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 54.53 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 33
male: 60.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.51 years
country comparison to the world: 182
male: 61.54 years
female: 65.56 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.9 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
38.4% (2005)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
2.8% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 180
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 83.7% of population
rural: 64.9% of population
total: 71.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 16.3% of population
rural: 35.1% of population
total: 28.5% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 90.4% of population
rural: 50.5% of population
total: 64.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.6% of population
rural: 49.5% of population
total: 35.4% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.3% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
11,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
400 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
2.6% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 179
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
31.6% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.8% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.7%
male: 82.5%
female: 63.2% (2005 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2012)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 175,138
percentage: 11 % (2006 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Laos on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Laos PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Laos PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.



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