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Libya Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/libya/libya_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Libya Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria

Geographic coordinates:
25 00 N, 17 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,759,540 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,759,540 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 17

Area - comparative:
about 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly larger than Alaska
Area comparison map: about 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly larger than Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 4,339 km
border countries (6): Algeria 989 km, Chad 1,050 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 342 km, Sudan 382 km, Tunisia 461 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,770 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north
exclusive fishing zone: 62 nm

Climate:
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

Terrain:
mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

Elevation:
mean elevation: 423 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

Land use:
agricultural land: 8.8% arable land 1%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 7.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 91.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,700 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
well over 90% of the population lives along the Mediterranean coast in and between the western city of Az Zawiyah (just west of Tripoli) and the eastern city of Darnah; the interior remains vastly underpopulated due to the Sahara and lack of surface water

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

Environment - current issues:
desertification; limited natural freshwater resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, brings water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert


NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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