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Macedonia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/macedonia/macedonia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Macedonia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

Geographic coordinates:
41 50 N, 22 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 25,713 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 25,433 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 280 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 150

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Vermont

Land boundaries:
total: 838 km
border countries (5): Albania 181 km, Bulgaria 162 km, Greece 234 km, Kosovo 160 km, Serbia 101 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

Terrain:
mountainous with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

Elevation:
mean elevation: 741 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Vardar River 50 m highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m

Natural resources:
low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 44.3% arable land 16.4%; permanent crops 1.4%; permanent pasture 26.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 39.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 15.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,280 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

Natural hazards:
high seismic risks

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from metallurgical plants

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe


NOTE: The information regarding Macedonia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Macedonia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macedonia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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