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Mali Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/mali/mali_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mali Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger

Geographic coordinates:
17 00 N, 4 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,240,192 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,220,190 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 20,002 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 24

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 7,908 km
border countries (7): Algeria 1,359 km, Burkina Faso 1,325 km, Cote d'Ivoire 599 km, Guinea 1,062 km, Mauritania 2,236 km, Niger 838 km, Senegal 489 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 343 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Senegal River 23 m highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

Natural resources:
gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower
note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

Land use:
agricultural land: 34.1% arable land 5.6%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 28.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 10.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 55.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,780 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso

Natural hazards:
hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan


NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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