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Malta Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/malta/malta_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Malta Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

Geographic coordinates:
35 50 N, 14 35 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 316 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 316 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 208

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
196.8 km (excludes 56 km for the island of Gozo)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm

Climate:
Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain:
mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

Natural resources:
limestone, salt, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 32.3% arable land 28.4%; permanent crops 3.9%; permanent pasture 0%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 66.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
35 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources; increasing reliance on desalination

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration


NOTE: The information regarding Malta on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malta Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malta Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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