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Mauritius Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/mauritius/mauritius_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mauritius Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, about 800 km (500 mi) east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates:
20 17 S, 57 33 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 2,040 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 2,030 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
country comparison to the world: 181

Area - comparative:
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
177 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

Terrain:
small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

Natural resources:
arable land, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.8% arable land 38.4%; permanent crops 2%; permanent pasture 3.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 17.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 38.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
190 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

Environment - current issues:
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; former home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory species


NOTE: The information regarding Mauritius on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritius Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritius Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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