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Mongolia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/mongolia/mongolia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mongolia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern Asia, between China and Russia

Geographic coordinates:
46 00 N, 105 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 1,564,116 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,553,556 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10,560 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 19

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 8,082 km
border countries (2): China 4,630 km, Russia 3,452 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

Terrain:
vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,528 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m

Natural resources:
oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Land use:
agricultural land: 73% arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 72.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 20% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
840 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions

Environment - current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia


NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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