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Morocco Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/morocco/morocco_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Morocco Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

Geographic coordinates:
32 00 N, 5 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 446,550 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 446,300 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 250 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 58

Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of New York; slightly larger than California
Area comparison map: slightly more than three times the size of New York; slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:
total: 2,362.5 km
border countries (3): Algeria 1,900 km, Western Sahara 444 km, Spain (Ceuta) 8 km, Spain (Melilla) 10.5 km
note: an additional 75-meter border segment exists between Morocco and the Spanish exclave of Penon de Velez de la Gomera
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,835 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

Terrain:
mountainous northern coast (Rif Mountains) and interior (Atlas Mountains) bordered by large plateaus with intermontane valleys, and fertile coastal plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 909 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

Natural resources:
phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 67.5% arable land 17.5%; permanent crops 2.9%; permanent pasture 47.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 11.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,850 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains

Natural hazards:
northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar; the only African nation to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines


NOTE: The information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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