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Niger Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/niger/niger_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Niger Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

Geographic coordinates:
16 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1.267 million sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,266,700 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 300 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 22

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 5,834 km
border countries (7): Algeria 951 km, Benin 277 km, Burkina Faso 622 km, Chad 1,196 km, Libya 342 km, Mali 838 km, Nigeria 1,608 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

Terrain:
predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 474 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Niger River 200 m highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes 2,022 m

Natural resources:
uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

Land use:
agricultural land: 35.1% arable land 12.3%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 22.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 63.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,000 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
majority of the populace is located in the southernmost extreme of the country along the border with Nigeria and Benin

Natural hazards:
recurring droughts

Environment - current issues:
overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; one of the hottest countries in the world; northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable for livestock and limited agriculture


NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niger Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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