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Nigeria Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/nigeria/nigeria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nigeria Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 923,768 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 910,768 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 13,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 32

Area - comparative:
about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California
Area comparison map: about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,477 km
border countries (4): Benin 809 km, Cameroon 1,975 km, Chad 85 km, Niger 1,608 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
853 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain:
southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 380 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 78% arable land 37.3%; permanent crops 7.4%; permanent pasture 33.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 9.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 12.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,930 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - current issues:
soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Niger River enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea


NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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