Nigeria PEOPLE 2014

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on January 28, 2014

noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic groups:
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages

Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

174,507,539 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.8% (male 39,127,615/female 37,334,281)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 17,201,067/female 16,451,357)
25-54 years: 30.1% (male 25,842,967/female 26,699,432)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 3,016,896/female 3,603,048)
65 years and over: 3% (male 2,390,154/female 2,840,722) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 89 %
youth dependency ratio: 83.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2013)

Median age:
total: 17.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.4 years
female: 18.4 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.54% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
38.78 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 49.6% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
Lagos 10.203 million; Kano 3.304 million; Ibadan 2.762 million; ABUJA (capital) 1.857 million; Kaduna 1.519 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.9 (2008 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
630 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 72.97 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 15
male: 77.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 67.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 52.46 years
country comparison to the world: 211
male: 49.35 years
female: 55.77 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
14.1% (2011)

Health expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 127
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.4 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 75.1% of population
rural: 47.3% of population
total: 61.1% of population
urban: 24.9% of population
rural: 52.7% of population
total: 38.9% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 33.2% of population
rural: 28.1% of population
total: 30.6% of population
urban: 66.8% of population
rural: 71.9% of population
total: 69.4% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
3.3 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
220,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
6.5% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 146
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
26.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.3%
male: 72.1%
female: 50.4% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2005)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 11,396,823
percentage: 29 % (2007 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.

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