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Pakistan Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/pakistan/pakistan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Pakistan Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

Geographic coordinates:
30 00 N, 70 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 796,095 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 770,875 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 25,220 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 36

Area - comparative:
slightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California
Area comparison map: slightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 7,257 km
border countries (4): Afghanistan 2,670 km, China 438 km, India 3,190 km, Iran 959 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,046 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain:
divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River plain in the center and east, and the Balochistan Plateau in the south and west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 900 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Natural resources:
arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 35.2% arable land 27.6%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 6.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 2.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 62.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
202,000 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the Indus River and its tributaries attract most of the settlement, with Punjab province the most densely populated

Natural hazards:
frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

Environment - current issues:
water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural freshwater resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent


NOTE: The information regarding Pakistan on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Pakistan Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Pakistan Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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