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Paraguay Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/paraguay/paraguay_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Paraguay Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central South America, northeast of Argentina, southwest of Brazil

Geographic coordinates:
23 00 S, 58 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 406,752 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 397,302 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 9,450 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 60

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,655 km
border countries (3): Argentina 2,531 km, Bolivia 753 km, Brazil 1,371 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west

Terrain:
grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere

Elevation:
mean elevation: 178 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m highest point: Cerro Pero 842 m

Natural resources:
hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 53.8% arable land 10.8%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 42.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 43.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 2.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,362 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the population resides in the eastern half of the country; to the west lies the Gran Chaco, which accounts for 60% of the land territory, but only 2% of the overall population

Natural hazards:
local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country


NOTE: The information regarding Paraguay on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Paraguay Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Paraguay Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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