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Peru Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/peru/peru_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Peru Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic coordinates:
10 00 S, 76 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 1,285,216 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,279,996 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 5,220 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 20

Area - comparative:
almost twice the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska
Area comparison map: almost twice the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 7,062 km
border countries (5): Bolivia 1,212 km, Brazil 2,659 km, Chile 168 km, Colombia 1,494 km, Ecuador 1,529 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,414 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:
varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes

Terrain:
western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,555 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

Natural resources:
copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Land use:
agricultural land: 18.8% arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 14.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 53%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 28.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
25,800 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
approximately one-third of the population resides along the desert coastal belt in the west, with a strong focus on the capital city of Lima; the Andean highlands, or sierra, which is strongly identified with the country's Amerindian population, contains roughly half of the overall population; the eastern slopes of the Andes, and adjoining rainforest, are sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity
volcanism: volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Ubinas (elev. 5,672 m), which last erupted in 2009, is the country's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes include El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, and Yucamane

Environment - current issues:
deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia; a remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 m peak, is the ultimate source of the Amazon River


NOTE: The information regarding Peru on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Peru Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Peru Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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