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Poland Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/poland/poland_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Poland Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Europe, east of Germany

Geographic coordinates:
52 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 312,685 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 304,255 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,430 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 70

Area - comparative:
about twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico
Area comparison map: about twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 3,071 km
border countries (7): Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
440 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties

Climate:
temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Terrain:
mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

Elevation:
mean elevation: 173 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

Natural resources:
coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 48.2% arable land 36.2%; permanent crops 1.3%; permanent pasture 10.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 30.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
970 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated in the southern (Krakow) and central (Warsaw, Lodz) areas, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
decreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from coal-fired power plants and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94

Geography - note:
historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain


NOTE: The information regarding Poland on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Poland Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Poland Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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