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Portugal Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/portugal/portugal_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Portugal Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

Geographic coordinates:
39 30 N, 8 00 W

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 92,090 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 91,470 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 620 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
country comparison to the world: 111

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries:
total: 1,224 km
border countries (1): Spain 1,224 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,793 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

Terrain:
the west-flowing Tagus River divides the country: the north is mountainous toward the interior, while the south is characterized by rolling plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 372 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m

Natural resources:
fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 39.7% arable land 11.9%; permanent crops 7.8%; permanent pasture 20%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 37.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 22.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
5,400 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
concentrations are primarily along or near the Atlantic coast; both Lisbon and the second largest city, Porto, are coastal cities

Natural hazards:
Azores subject to severe earthquakes
volcanism: limited volcanic activity in the Azores Islands; Fayal or Faial (elev. 1,043 m) last erupted in 1958; most volcanoes have not erupted in centuries; historically active volcanoes include Agua de Pau, Furnas, Pico, Picos Volcanic System, San Jorge, Sete Cidades, and Terceira

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar


NOTE: The information regarding Portugal on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Portugal Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Portugal Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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