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Puerto Rico Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/puerto_rico/puerto_rico_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Puerto Rico Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 N, 66 30 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 13,791 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 8,870 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 4,921 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 163

Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
501 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:
mostly mountains with coastal plain in north; precipitous mountains to the sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas

Elevation:
mean elevation: 261 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m

Natural resources:
some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

Land use:
agricultural land: 22% arable land 6.6%; permanent crops 5.6%; permanent pasture 9.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 63.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
220 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is light

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; hurricanes

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages

Geography - note:
important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north

NOTE: The information regarding Puerto Rico on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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