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Rwanda Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/rwanda/rwanda_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Rwanda Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi

Geographic coordinates:
2 00 S, 30 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 26,338 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 24,668 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,670 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 149

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 930 km
border countries (4): Burundi 315 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 221 km, Tanzania 222 km, Uganda 172 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

Terrain:
mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,598 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

Natural resources:
gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 74.5% arable land 47%; permanent crops 10.1%; permanent pasture 17.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 18%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 7.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
96 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga Mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo
volcanism: Visoke (elev. 3,711 m), located on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is the country's only historically active volcano

Environment - current issues:
deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural


NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Rwanda Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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