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Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/sao_tome_and_principe/sao_tome_and_principe_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon

Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 7 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 964 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 964 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 185

Area - comparative:
more than five times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
209 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

Terrain:
volcanic, mountainous

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

Natural resources:
fish, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 50.7% arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 40.6%; permanent pasture 1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 28.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
100 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are mountainous

NOTE: The information regarding Sao Tome and Principe on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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