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Senegal Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/senegal/senegal_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Senegal Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

Geographic coordinates:
14 00 N, 14 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 196,722 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 192,530 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 4,192 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 88

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Dakota

Land boundaries:
total: 2,684 km
border countries (5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
531 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

Terrain:
generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 69 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed elevation southwest of Kedougou 581 m

Natural resources:
fish, phosphates, iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 46.8% arable land 17.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 29.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 43.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 9.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,200 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal


NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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