Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2015

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on June 20, 2014

noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
adjective: Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups:
Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians) (2008 census)

English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

5,743,725 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 41.9% (male 1,198,553/female 1,208,775)
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 524,819/female 557,142)
25-54 years: 31.6% (male 872,284/female 943,626)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 101,856/female 123,164)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 91,198/female 122,308) (2014 est.) population pyramid:

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 78.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 73.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8 %
potential support ratio: 21 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 19 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 19.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.33% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
37.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
11.03 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-3.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 178
note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2014 est.)
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 39.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
FREETOWN (capital) 941,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 73.29 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 11
male: 81.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 64.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 57.39 years
country comparison to the world: 201
male: 54.85 years
female: 60 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.83 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
11% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
18.8% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 87.1% of population
rural: 42.4% of population
total: 60.1% of population
urban: 12.9% of population
rural: 57.6% of population
total: 39.9% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 22.5% of population
rural: 6.8% of population
total: 13% of population
urban: 77.5% of population
rural: 93.2% of population
total: 87% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.5% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
57,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
3,300 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
6.8% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
18.6% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.9% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 141
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
total population: 43.3%
male: 54.7%
female: 32.6% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 6 years (2001)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 573,287
percentage: 48 % (2005 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 10-Feb-15
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