| COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/sierra_leone/sierra_leone_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese



Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
adjective: Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups:
Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians) (2008 census)

Languages:
English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Religions:
Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

Population:
5,612,685 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111

Age structure:
0-14 years: 41.9% (male 1,169,343/female 1,181,669)
15-24 years: 19% (male 517,107/female 549,500)
25-54 years: 31.4% (male 847,115/female 914,650)
55-64 years: 4% (male 101,069/female 124,673)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 89,643/female 117,916) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 79.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 74.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8 %
potential support ratio: 20.9 (2013)

Median age:
total: 19 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 19.6 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36

Birth rate:
37.77 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17

Death rate:
11.26 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34

Net migration rate:
-3.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 184
note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2013 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 39.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
FREETOWN (capital) 875,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19 (2008 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 4

Infant mortality rate:
total: 74.95 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 11
male: 83.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 66.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.98 years
country comparison to the world: 199
male: 54.47 years
female: 59.56 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.87 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
11% (2010)

Health expenditures:
18.8% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 2

Physicians density:
0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 84.1% of population
rural: 40.3% of population
total: 57.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.9% of population
rural: 59.7% of population
total: 42.5% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 22.5% of population
rural: 6.7% of population
total: 12.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 77.5% of population
rural: 93.3% of population
total: 87.1% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
49,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,800 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
6.8% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 144

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
21.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 28

Education expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 125

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
total population: 43.3%
male: 54.7%
female: 32.6% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 13 years
female: 11 years (2007)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 573,287
percentage: 48 % (2005 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



- Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).
- If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/sierra_leone/sierra_leone_people.html

This page was last modified 29-Oct-14
Copyright © 1995-2014 ITA all rights reserved.

    . Feedback