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Solomon Islands Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/solomon_islands/solomon_islands_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Solomon Islands Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 S, 159 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 28,896 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,986 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 910 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 144

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
5,313 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical monsoon; few temperature and weather extremes

Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Popomanaseu 2,310 m

Natural resources:
fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

Land use:
agricultural land: 3.9% arable land 0.7%; permanent crops 2.9%; permanent pasture 0.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 78.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 17.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km NA (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis
volcanism: Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 April 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara; the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces with dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit


NOTE: The information regarding Solomon Islands on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Solomon Islands Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Solomon Islands Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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