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Sri Lanka Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/sri_lanka/sri_lanka_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Sri Lanka Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

Geographic coordinates:
7 00 N, 81 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 65,610 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 64,630 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 980 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 122

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than West Virginia
Area comparison map: slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,340 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

Terrain:
mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Elevation:
mean elevation: 228 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

Natural resources:
limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.5% arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 15.8%; permanent pasture 7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 29.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
5,700 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
occasional cyclones and tornadoes

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes


NOTE: The information regarding Sri Lanka on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sri Lanka Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sri Lanka Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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