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Sudan Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/sudan/sudan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Sudan Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 30 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,861,484 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: NA
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: NA
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 16

Area - comparative:
slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US
Area comparison map: slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US

Land boundaries:
total: 6,819 km
border countries (7): Central African Republic 174 km, Chad 1,403 km, Egypt 1,276 km, Eritrea 682 km, Ethiopia 744 km, Libya 382 km, South Sudan 2,158 km
note: Sudan-South Sudan boundary represents 1 January 1956 alignment; final alignment pending negotiations and demarcation; final sovereignty status of Abyei region pending negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
853 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November)

Terrain:
generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 568 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Red Sea 0 m highest point: Jabal Marrah 3,071 m

Natural resources:
petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 100% arable land 15.7%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 84.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
18,900 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
with the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and througout South Darfur

Natural hazards:
dust storms and periodic persistent droughts

Environment - current issues:
inadequate supplies of potable water; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification; periodic drought

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
dominated by the Nile and its tributaries


NOTE: The information regarding Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sudan Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sudan Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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