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Suriname Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/suriname/suriname_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Suriname Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

Geographic coordinates:
4 00 N, 56 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 163,820 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 156,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 7,820 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 92

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Georgia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,907 km
border countries (3): Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
386 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain:
mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

Elevation:
mean elevation: 246 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

Natural resources:
timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 0.5% arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 94.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 4.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
570 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast


NOTE: The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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