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Suriname PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/suriname/suriname_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Surinamer(s)
adjective: Surinamese

Ethnic groups:
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%

Languages:
Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Religions:
Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%

Demographic profile:
Suriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles (persons of mixed African and European heritage), the descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese contract workers. The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care.

Some 350,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States. Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mid-1980s, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American roots.
[see also: S country ranks ]

Population:
566,846 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.8% (male 77,404/female 74,477)
15-24 years: 17.5% (male 50,745/female 48,718)
25-54 years: 43.8% (male 126,399/female 121,930)
55-64 years: 6.2% (male 17,123/female 18,246)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 13,770/female 18,034) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 51.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.1 %
potential support ratio: 9.9 (2013)

Median age:
total: 28.2 years
male: 27.8 years
female: 28.5 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.15% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103

Birth rate:
17.1 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116

Death rate:
6.15 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161

Net migration rate:
0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65

Urbanization:
urban population: 69% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
PARAMARIBO (capital) 259,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
130 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 64

Infant mortality rate:
total: 27.99 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 69
male: 32.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 71.41 years
country comparison to the world: 145
male: 69.05 years
female: 73.88 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.04 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
45.6% (2006)

Health expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 134

Physicians density:
0.91 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density:
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 96.6% of population
rural: 81.1% of population
total: 91.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.4% of population
rural: 18.9% of population
total: 8.1% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 90.3% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 83% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.7% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 17% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
3,700 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
25.1% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 60

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
7.5% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 74

Education expenditures:
NA

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.7%
male: 95.4%
female: 94% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years (2002)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 6,094
percentage: 6 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 21.5% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 54


NOTE: The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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