Suriname PEOPLE 2016

Suriname PEOPLE 2016

Page last updated on June 20, 2014

noun: Surinamer(s)
adjective: Surinamese

Ethnic groups:
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%

Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%

Demographic profile:
Suriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles (persons of mixed African and European heritage), the descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese contract workers. The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care.

Some 350,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States. Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mid-1980s, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American roots.

573,311 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.2% (male 76,565/female 73,676)
15-24 years: 17.6% (male 51,322/female 49,313)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 128,620/female 124,034)
55-64 years: 6.5% (male 18,140/female 19,158)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 14,041/female 18,442) (2014 est.)
population pyramid: population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 50.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 40.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.1 %
potential support ratio: 9.9 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 28.6 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 29 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.12% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16.73 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 69.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.44% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
PARAMARIBO (capital) 278,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
130 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 27.07 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 68
male: 31.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 71.69 years
country comparison to the world: 144
male: 69.31 years
female: 74.18 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.01 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
45.6% (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.91 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 98.1% of population
rural: 88.4% of population
total: 95.2% of population
urban: 1.9% of population
rural: 11.6% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 88.4% of population
rural: 61.4% of population
total: 80.3% of population
urban: 11.6% of population
rural: 38.6% of population
total: 19.7% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
4,000 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
100 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
25.1% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 60
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
5.8% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 83
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.7%
male: 95.4%
female: 94% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 13 years (2002)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 6,094
percentage: 6 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 21.5% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 54

NOTE: The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2016 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname PEOPLE 2016 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname PEOPLE 2016 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 04-Feb-16
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