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Syria Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/syria/syria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Syria Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

Geographic coordinates:
35 00 N, 38 00 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 185,180 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 183,630 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,550 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
country comparison to the world: 89

Area - comparative:
slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Pennsylvania
Area comparison map: slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 2,363 km
border countries (5): Iraq 599 km, Israel 83 km, Jordan 379 km, Lebanon 403 km, Turkey 899 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
193 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm

Climate:
mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus

Terrain:
primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 514 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 75.8% arable land 25.4%; permanent crops 5.8%; permanent pasture 44.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 2.7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,280 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
significant population density along the Mediterranean coast; larger concentrations found in the major cities of Damascus, Aleppo (the country's largest city), and Hims (Homs); more than half of the population lives in the coastal plain, the province of Aleppo, and the Euphrates River valley

Natural hazards:
dust storms, sandstorms
volcanism: Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
the capital of Damascus - located at an oasis fed by the Barada River - is thought to be one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities; there are 42 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (2014 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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