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Tonga PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/tonga/tonga_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Tongan(s)
adjective: Tongan

Ethnic groups:
Polynesian, Europeans

Languages:
Tongan (official), English (official)

Religions:
Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)

Population:
106,322 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192

Age structure:
0-14 years: 36.2% (male 19,545/female 18,927)
15-24 years: 19.2% (male 10,432/female 9,935)
25-54 years: 33% (male 17,549/female 17,562)
55-64 years: 5.4% (male 2,779/female 2,994)
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 3,034/female 3,565) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 75.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 65.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.3 %
potential support ratio: 9.7 (2013)

Median age:
total: 21.8 years
male: 21.3 years
female: 22.2 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.14% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184

Birth rate:
24.12 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65

Death rate:
4.87 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192

Net migration rate:
-17.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 218

Urbanization:
urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
110 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 68

Infant mortality rate:
total: 12.78 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 127
male: 13.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.6 years
country comparison to the world: 90
male: 74.16 years
female: 77.09 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.46 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48

Health expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 133

Physicians density:
0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital bed density:
2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 89.1% of population
total: 91.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 10.9% of population
total: 8.5% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
57.6% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 5

Education expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 116

Literacy:
definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99.1% (2006 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2007)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 11.9%
country comparison to the world: 101
male: 9.9%
female: 15.1% (2003)


NOTE: The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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