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Tonga PEOPLE 2015
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/tonga/tonga_people.html
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on June 20, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Tongan(s)
adjective: Tongan

Ethnic groups:
Tongan 96.6%, part-Tongan 1.7%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)

Languages:
English and Tongan 87%, Tongan (official) 10.7%, English (official) 1.2%, other 1.1%, uspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)

Religions:
Protestant 64.9% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 37.3%, Free Church of Tonga 11.4%, Church of Tonga 7.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 2.6%, Assembly of God 2.3% Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Constitutional Church of Tonga .9%, Anglican .8% and Full Gospel Church .2%), Mormon 16.8%, Roman Catholic 15.6%, other 1.1%, none 0.03%, unspecified 1.7% (2006 est.)

Population:
106,440 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35.6% (male 19,272/female 18,661)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 10,514/female 10,016)
25-54 years: 33.3% (male 17,717/female 17,732)
55-64 years: 5.5% (male 2,852/female 3,013)
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 3,044/female 3,619) (2014 est.) population pyramid:

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 75.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 64.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.3 %
potential support ratio: 9.7 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 22 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.5 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.09% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23.55 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.86 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-17.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 23% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.84% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
NUKU'ALOFA 25,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
24.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
110 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 66
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 12.36 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 125
male: 12.78 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.82 years
country comparison to the world: 88
male: 74.35 years
female: 77.34 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.36 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 99% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 88.9% of population
total: 91.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 11.1% of population
total: 8.7% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
57.6% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99.1% (2006 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2002)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 11.9%
country comparison to the world: 101
male: 9.9%
female: 15.1% (2003)


NOTE: The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.



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