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Uruguay Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/uruguay/uruguay_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Uruguay Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

Geographic coordinates:
33 00 S, 56 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 176,215 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 175,015 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,200 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 91

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than the state of Washington

Land boundaries:
total: 1,591 km
border countries (2): Argentina 541 km, Brazil 1,050 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
660 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin

Climate:
warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

Terrain:
mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

Elevation:
mean elevation: 109 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m

Natural resources:
arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 87.2% arable land 10.1%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 76.9%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 10.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 2.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,380 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo

Natural hazards:
seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts

Environment - current issues:
water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
second-smallest South American country (after Suriname); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal for cattle and sheep raising


NOTE: The information regarding Uruguay on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uruguay Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uruguay Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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