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Venezuela Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/venezuela/venezuela_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Venezuela Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 66 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 912,050 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 882,050 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 30,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 33

Area - comparative:
almost six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California
Area comparison map: almost six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 5,267 km
border countries (3): Brazil 2,137 km, Colombia 2,341 km, Guyana 789 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,800 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 15 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain:
Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 450 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Pico Bolivar 5,007 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

Land use:
agricultural land: 24.5% arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 20.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 52.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 23.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
10,550 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands along an eastern spur at the northern end of the Andes, an area that includes the capital of Caracas

Natural hazards:
subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed but not ratified:: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
on major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall


NOTE: The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Venezuela Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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