Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2015

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on June 20, 2014

noun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean

Ethnic groups:
African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%

English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects

syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%

country comparison to the world: 72
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 38.4% (male 2,670,642/female 2,615,440)
15-24 years: 22.1% (male 1,527,964/female 1,520,255)
25-54 years: 32.3% (male 2,298,355/female 2,153,659)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 180,554/female 318,410)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 193,385/female 293,057) (2014 est.)
population pyramid: population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 74.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 68.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 14.9 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 20.2 years
male: 19.9 years
female: 20.4 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
4.36% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
32.47 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
10.62 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
21.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 3
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 38.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
HARARE (capital) 1.542 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010-11 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
570 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 15
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 26.55 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 70
male: 28.88 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 55.68 years
country comparison to the world: 204
male: 55.4 years
female: 55.97 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.56 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
58.5% (2010/11)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 68.7% of population
total: 79.9% of population
urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 31.3% of population
total: 20.1% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 51.6% of population
rural: 32.4% of population
total: 39.9% of population
urban: 48.4% of population
rural: 67.6% of population
total: 60.1% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
14.7% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1,368,100 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
39,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 143
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
10.1% (2011)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 155
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 83.6%
male: 87.8%
female: 80.1% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2003)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 7.6%
country comparison to the world: 125
male: 7.6%
female: 7.6% (2004)

NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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