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Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/zimbabwe/zimbabwe_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean

Ethnic groups:
African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%

Languages:
English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects

Religions:
syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%

Population:
13,182,908 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure:
0-14 years: 39.4% (male 2,623,606/female 2,570,028)
15-24 years: 22.5% (male 1,472,186/female 1,493,816)
25-54 years: 30.8% (male 2,039,943/female 2,018,589)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 176,951/female 311,113)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 193,147/female 283,529) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 76.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 69.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.8 %
potential support ratio: 14.7 (2013)

Median age:
total: 19.5 years
male: 19 years
female: 20 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
4.38% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2

Birth rate:
32.41 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35

Death rate:
11.4 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33

Net migration rate:
22.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 3
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2013 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 38.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
HARARE (capital) 1.606 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.57 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
570 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 15

Infant mortality rate:
total: 27.25 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 71
male: 29.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 53.86 years
country comparison to the world: 209
male: 53.79 years
female: 53.93 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.58 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
58.5% (2010/11)

Physicians density:
0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density:
1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 69.2% of population
total: 80% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 30.8% of population
total: 20% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 51.7% of population
rural: 33% of population
total: 40.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48.3% of population
rural: 67% of population
total: 59.8% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
14.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.2 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
83,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 143

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
10.1% (2011)
country comparison to the world: 68

Education expenditures:
2.5% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 158

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 83.6%
male: 87.8%
female: 80.1% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2003)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 7.6%
country comparison to the world: 125
male: 7.6%
female: 7.6% (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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