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Medical Dictionary


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cavography (ka-vog′ra-fe)
SYN: venacavography.

cavosurface (ka-vo-sur′fas)
Relating to a cavity and the surface of a tooth.

cavum, pl .cava (ka′vum, -va) [TA]
SYN: cavity. [L. ntr. of adj. cavus, hollow] c. abdominis SYN: abdominal cavity. c. articulare SYN: articular cavity. c. conchae cavity of concha. c. coronale SYN: pulp cavity of crown. c. dentis SYN: pulp cavity. c. douglasi SYN: rectouterine pouch. c. epidurale SYN: epidural space. c. infraglotticum SYN: infraglottic cavity. c. laryngis SYN: laryngeal cavity. c. mediastinale an inappropriate name sometimes applied to the mediastinum. c. medullare SYN: medullary cavity. c. nasi SYN: nasal cavity. c. oris SYN: oral cavity. c. pelvis SYN: pelvic cavity. c. pericardii SYN: pericardial cavity. c. peritonei SYN: peritoneal cavity. c. pharyngis SYN: cavity of pharynx. c. pleurae SYN: pleural cavity. c. psalterii SYN: Verga ventricle. c. retzii SYN: retropubic space. [A.A. Retzius] c. septum pellucidum [TA] SYN: cavity of septum pellucidum. c. subarachnoideum SYN: subarachnoid space. c. subdurale SYN: subdural space. c. thoracis SYN: thoracic cavity. c. trigeminale [TA] SYN: trigeminal cave. c. tympani SYN: tympanic cavity. c. uteri SYN: uterine cavity. c. vergae SYN: Verga ventricle. c. vesicouterinum SYN: vesicouterine pouch.

Cb
Symbol for columbium.

C-banding
See C-banding stain.

CBC
Abbreviation for complete blood count.

CBF
Abbreviation for cerebral or coronary blood flow.

CBG
Abbreviation for corticosteroid-binding globulin.

Cbl
Abbreviation for cobalamin.

Cbz
Abbreviation for carbobenzoxy- (benzyloxycarbonyl).

C.C.
Abbreviation for chief complaint, as recorded on a patient's medical history.

cc, c.c.
Abbreviation for cubic centimeter.

CCA
Abbreviation for chimpanzee coryza agent.

CCC
Abbreviation for cathodal closure contraction.

CCDM
Abbreviation for Control of Communicable Diseases Manual.

CCK
Abbreviation for cholecystokinin.

CCNU
SYN: lomustine.

CCU
Abbreviation for coronary care unit; critical care unit.

CD
Abbreviation for curative dose; circular dichroism; cluster of differentiation.

CD 54
See intercellular adhesion molecule-1.

CD50
1. Abbreviation for curative dose. 2. In a study of a therapeutic agent, the dose that cures 50% of the test subjects.

Cd
Symbol for cadmium.

cd
Symbol for candela.

CDC
Abbreviation for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; previously known as the Communicable Disease Center.

CDE blood group
See Rh blood group, Blood Groups appendix.

cDNA
Abbreviation for complementary DNA, sometimes used as copy DNA.

CDP
Abbreviation for cytidine 5′-diphosphate.

CDP-choline
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphocholine.

CDP-glyceride
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphoglyceride.

CDP-sugar
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphosugar.

Ce
Symbol for cerium.

CEA
Abbreviation for carcinoembryonic antigen.

cebocephaly (se-bo-sef′a-le)
Malformation of the head in which the features are suggestive of a monkey, with defective or absent nose and closely set eyes; part of the holoprosencephaly spectrum. [G. kebos, monkey, + kephale, head]

cec-
See ceco-.

ceca (se′ka)
Plural of cecum.

cecal (se′kal)
1. Relating to the cecum. 2. Ending blindly or in a cul-de-sac.

cecectomy (se-sek′to-me)
Excision of the cecum. SYN: typhlectomy. [ceco- + G. ektome, excision]

Cecil
Arthur Bond, U.S. urologist, 1885–1967. See C. urethroplasty.

cecitis (se-si′tis)
Inflammation of the cecum. SYN: typhlenteritis, typhlitis, typhloenteritis.

ceco-, cec-
The cecum. SEE ALSO: typhlo- (1) . Cf.:typhlo-. [L. caecum, cecum, blind]

cecocolostomy (se′ko-ko-los′to-me)
Formation of an anastomosis between cecum and colon.

cecofixation (se′ko-fik-sa′shun)
SYN: cecopexy.

cecoileostomy (se′ko-il-e-os′to-me)
SYN: ileocecostomy.

cecopexy (se′ko-pek-se)
Operative anchoring of a movable cecum. SYN: cecofixation, typhlopexy, typhlopexia. [ceco- + G. pexis, fixation]

cecoplication (se′ko-pli-ka′shun)
Operative reduction in size of a dilated cecum by the formation of folds or tucks in its wall. [ceco- + L. plico, pp. -atus, to fold]

cecorrhaphy (se-kor′a-fe)
Suture of the cecum. SYN: typhlorrhaphy. [ceco- + G. rhaphe, suture]

cecosigmoidostomy (se′ko-sig-moy-dos′to-me)
Formation of a communication between the cecum and the sigmoid colon.

cecostomy (se-kos′to-me)
Operative formation of a cecal fistula. SYN: typhlostomy. [ceco- + G. stoma, mouth]

cecotomy (se-kot′o-me)
Incision into the cecum. SYN: typhlotomy. [ceco- + G. tome, incision]

cecoureterocele (se′co-u-re′ter-o-sel)
A ureterocele that extends far along the urethra, sometimes even out the urethral meatus.

cecropins (se-kro-pinz)
Antibacterial peptides consisting of two amphipathic α-helix components.

cecum, pl .ceca (se′kum, se′ka) [TA]
1. The cul-de-sac, about 6 cm in depth, lying below the terminal ileum forming the first part of the large intestine. SYN: blind gut, intestinum c., typhlon. 2. Any similar structure ending in a cul-de-sac. SYN: caecum. [L. ntr. of caecus, blind] cupular c. of the cochlear duct [TA] the upper blind extremity of the cochlear duct. SYN: c. cupulare [TA] , cupular blind sac, lagena (1) . c. cupulare [TA] SYN: cupular c. of the cochlear duct. intestinal c. vestibular c. of the cochlear duct [TA] the lower extremity of the cochlear duct, occupying the cochlear recess in the vestibule. SYN: c. vestibulare [TA] , vestibular blind sac. c. vestibulare [TA] SYN: vestibular c. of the cochlear duct.

cedar leaf oil (se′der)
Oil obtained by steam distillation from the fresh leaves of Thuja occidentalis; used as an insect repellent and counterirritant, and in perfumery. SYN: thuja oil.

cedar wood oil
Volatile oil obtained from the wood of Juniperus virginiana (family Pinaceae); used as an insect repellent, in perfumery, and as a clearing agent in microscopy.

Cedecea (sed-e′se-a)
A genus in the Enterobacteriaceae group that includes the species C. davisae, (the type strain), c. lapagei, and C. neteri; they have been recovered from the human respiratory tract, but their role in disease has not yet been delineated.

Ceelen
Wilhelm, 1884–1964. See C.-Gellerstedt syndrome.

cefaclor (sef′a-klor)
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used orally.

cefadroxil (sef-a-drok′sil)
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used orally.

cefamandole nafate (sef-a-man′dol naf′at)
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used by injection.

cefazolin (se-faz′o-lin)
A broad spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of serious infections; available as the sodium salt for intramuscular or intravenous administration.

cefonicid disodium (se-fon′i-sid)
A broad-spectrum long acting cephalosporin antibiotic structurally related to cefamandole.

cefoperazone sodium (se-fo-per′a-zon)
A semisynthetic piperazine-cephalosporin antibiotic.

ceforanide (se-for′a-nid)
A broad-spectrum long-acting cephalosporin antibiotic.

cefotaxime sodium (se-fo-taks′em)
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic.

cefotetan disodium (sef′o-te-tan)
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic.

cefoxitin sodium (se-fok′si-tin)
A semisynthetic antibiotic derived from cephamycin C, but structurally and pharmacologically similar to the cephalosporins; used by injection.

ceftazidime sodium (sef-taz′i-dem)
A cephalosporin antibiotic especially effective against enterobacteria and species of Pseudomonas.

ceftizoxime sodium (sef-ti-zoks′em)
A broad spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic similar to cefotaxime sodium.

ceftriaxone disodium (sef-tri-aks′on)
A semisynthetic parenteral cephalosporin antibiotic.

cel (sel)
A unit of velocity; 1 cm per second. [L. celer, swift]

-cele
Swelling; hernia. [G. kele, tumor]

celenteron (se-len′ter-on)
SYN: primitive gut. [G. koilos, hollow, + enteron, intestine]

celery seed (sel′er-e)
The dried ripe fruit of Apium graveolens (family Umbelliferae); has been used in dysmenorrhea and as a sedative.

Celestin
Felix, French physician, *1900. See C. tube.

celestine blue B (se-les′ten) [C.I. 51050]
A dye recommended as a substitute for hematoxylin when it is unavailable.

celiac (se′le-ak)
Relating to the abdominal cavity. [G. koilia, belly]




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