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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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ferratin (fer′a-tin)
A hematinic.

ferredoxins (fer-e-dok′sinz)
Proteins containing iron-sulfur complexes, displaying electron-carrier activity but no classical enzyme function. F. are found in green plants, algae, anaerobic bacteria, and in mitochondria from the adrenal cortex and heart muscle. They are involved in several oxidation-reduction reactions in living organisms ( e.g., nitrogen fixation).

Ferrein
Antoine, French anatomist, 1693–1769. See F. canal, F. cords, under cord, F. foramen, F. ligament, F. pyramid, F. tube, F. vasa aberrantia, under vas, processus ferreini.

ferri-
Prefix designating the presence of a ferric ion in a compound. [L. ferrum, iron]

ferric (fer′ik)
Relating to iron, especially denoting a salt containing iron in its higher (triad) valence, Fe3+.

ferric ammonium citrate
A compound used in hypochromic anemia; it is relatively free of astringent and irritant action.

ferric ammonium citrate, green
A compound used in hypochromic anemia.

ferric ammonium sulfate
An astringent and styptic. SYN: ammonium ferric sulfate, ferric alum, iron alum.

ferric chloride
An astringent and styptic.

ferric fructose
A potassium-iron-fructose; a hematinic drug.

ferric glycerophosphate
A tonic and a source of iron.

ferric hydroxide
A compound previously used, freshly prepared, as an antidote to arsenic poisoning.

ferric oxide
A compound used as a coloring material.

ferric phosphate
A compound used as a feed and as a food supplement. soluble f. f. with sodium citrate; a hematinic.

ferric sulfate
Iron persulfate, tersulfate, or sesquisulfate; an astringent and styptic.

ferricyanide (fe-ri-si′a-nid, fer-e-)
The anion Fe(CN)63-.

ferricytochrome (fe-ri-si′to-krom, fer-e-)
A cytochrome containing oxidized (ferric) iron.

ferriheme (fe′ri-hem, fer′e-)
SYN: hematin. f. chloride SYN: hemin.

ferrihemoglobin (fer′i-he-mo-glo′bin, fer′e-)
SYN: methemoglobin.

ferriporphyrin (fe-ri-por′fi-rin, fer-e-)
The compound formed between a ferric ion and a porphyrin; e.g., ferriprotoporphyrin (hemin). f. chloride SYN: hemin.

ferriprotoporphyrin (fer′i-pro-to-por′fi-rin, fer′e-)
SYN: hemin.

ferritin (fer′i-tin, fer′a-)
An iron-protein complex, containing up to 23% iron, formed by the union of ferric ions with apoferritin; it is found in the intestinal mucosa, spleen, bone marrow, reticulocytes, and liver, and regulates iron storage and transport from the intestinal lumen to plasma.

ferro-
Prefix designating the presence of metallic iron or of the divalent ion Fe2+. [L. ferrum, iron]

ferrochelatase (far-o-ke′la-tas)
A lyase that catalyzes the reversible acid hydrolysis of heme, forming protoporphyrin IX and free ferrous iron; inhibited by lead; a deficiency of f. results in erythropoietic protoporphyria.

ferrocholinate (far′o-ko′li-nat)
Iron choline citrate chelate, used for oral administration in the treatment and prevention of iron deficiency anemias.

ferrocyanide (far-o-si′a-nid)
A compound containing the anion Fe(CN)64− .

ferrocytochrome (far-o-si′to-krom)
A cytochrome containing reduced (ferrous) iron.

ferroheme (far′o-hem)
SYN: heme.

ferrokinetics (far-o-ki-net′iks)
The study of iron metabolism using radioactive iron. [L. ferrum, iron, + G. kinesis, movement]

ferroporphyrin (far-o-por′fi-rin)
The compound formed between a ferrous ion and a porphyrin; e.g., ferroprotoporphyrin (heme).

ferroproteins (far-o-pro′tenz)
Proteins containing iron in a prosthetic group; e.g., heme, cytochromes.

ferroprotoporphyrin (far′o-pro-to-por′fi-rin)
SYN: heme.

ferrosoferric (far-o′so-far′ik)
Denoting a combination of a ferrous compound with a ferric compound, as in Fe3O4.

ferrotherapy (far′o-thar′a-pe)
Therapeutic use of iron. [L. ferrum, iron]

ferrous (far′us)
Relating to iron, especially denoting a salt containing iron in its lowest valence state, Fe2+. [L. ferreus, made of iron]

ferrous citrate
A compound that occurs in several forms, two of which are monoferrous acid citrate monohydrate and triferrous dicitrate decahydrate; a hematinic.

ferrous fumarate
Iron fumarate, a hematinic.

ferrous gluconate
Iron gluconate; a hematinic.

ferrous lactate
Iron lactate; a hematinic.

ferrous succinate
Iron succinate; a hematinic.

ferrous sulfate
SYN: iron sulfate. dried f. exsiccated iron sulfate; a hematinic.

ferrugination (fe-roo′ji-na′shun)
Deposition of mineral deposits including iron in the walls of small blood vessels and at the site of a dead neuron. [L. ferrugo, iron-rust]

ferruginous (fe-roo′ji-nus)
1. Iron-bearing; associated with or containing iron. 2. Of the color of iron rust. [L. ferrugineus, iron rust, rust-colored]

ferrule (fer′ool)
A metal band or ring used around the crown or root of a tooth. [corrupted through O. Fr. and Medieval L., fr. L. viriola, a small bracelet]

Ferry
Erwin S., U.S. physicist, 1868–1956. See F.-Porter law.

fertile (fer′til)
1. Fruitful; capable of conceiving and bearing young. SYN: fecund. 2. Impregnated; fertilized. [L. fertilis, fr. fero, to bear]

fertility (fer-til′i-te)
The actual production of live offspring, i.e., does not include stillbirths.

fertilization (fer′til-i-za′shun)
The process beginning with penetration of the secondary oocyte by the spermatozoon and completed by fusion of the male and female pronuclei. in vitro f. (IVF) a process whereby (usually multiple) ova are placed in a medium to which sperm are added for f., the zygote thus produced then being introduced into the uterus and allowed to develop to term. in vivo f. f. of a ripe egg within the distal fallopian tube of a fertile donor female (rather than in an artificial medium), for subsequent nonsurgical transfer to an infertile recipient.

fertilizin (fer-til′i-zin)
An acid polysaccharide-amino acid complex associated with the female gamete membrane of several organisms; provides receptor groups that agglutinate sperm and bind them to ova.

Ferula (far′oo-la)
A genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. F. assa-foetida, F. rubricaulis and F. foetida furnish asafetida; F. galbaniflua and F. rubricaulis, galbanium; and F. sumbul, sumbul. [L. giant plant]

fervescence (fer-ves′ens)
An increase of fever. [L. fervesco, to begin to boil, fr. ferveo, to boil]

FESS
Abbreviation for functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

fester
1. To form pus or putrefy. 2. To make inflamed. [L. fistula]

festinant (fes′ti-nant)
Rapid; hastening; accelerating. [L. festino, to hasten]

festination (fes-ti-na′shun)
SYN: festinating gait. [L. festino, to hasten]

festoon (fes-toon′)
1. A carving in the base material of a denture that simulates the contours of the natural tissue that is being replaced by the denture. 2. A distinguishing characteristic of certain hard tick species, consisting of small rectangular areas separated by grooves along the posterior margin of the dorsum of both males and females. [thr. Fr. fr. L. festum, festival, hence festive decorations] gingival f. an arcuate enlargement of the marginal gingiva.

festooning (fes-toon′ing)
Undulating, like the pattern of dermal papillae beneath a subepidermal blister.

FET
Abbreviation for forced expiratory time.

fetal (fe′tal)
1. Relating to a fetus; 2. In utero development after the eighth week.

fetalism (fe′tal-izm)
Presence of certain fetal structures or characteristics in the body after birth.

fetal reticularis (fe′tal re-tik-u-la′ris)
1. SYN: fetal adrenal cortex. 2. SYN: androgenic zone (2) . 3. SYN: X zone (2) .

fetation (fe-ta′shun)
SYN: pregnancy.

feticide (fe′ti-sid)
Destruction of the embryo or fetus in the uterus. [L. fetus + caedo, to kill]

fetid (fet′id, fe′tid)
Foul-smelling. [L. foetidus]

fetish (fet′ish, fe′tish)
An inanimate object or nonsexual body part that is regarded as endowed with magic or erotic qualities. [Fr. fétiche, fr. L. factitius, made by art, artificial]

fetishism (fet′ish-izm, fe′tish-)
The act of worshipping or using for sexual arousal and gratification that which is regarded as a fetish.

fetoglobulins (fe-to-glob′u-linz)
One of a number of proteins of unknown function found in fetal blood. α-F. occurs in small amounts in normal adults and in larger amounts in the fetus and pregnant mother, especially in the second trimester; elevated levels are also detected in adult patients with liver disease and neoplasms.

fetography (fe-tog′ra-fe)
Radiography of the fetus in utero, using contrast medium; an obsolete technique. Cf.:amniography. [L. fetus + G. grapho, to write]

fetology (fe-tol′o-je)
SYN: maternal-fetal medicine. [L. fetus + G. logos, study]

fetometry (fe-tom′e-tre)
Estimation of the size of the fetus, especially of its head, prior to delivery. [L. fetus + G. metron, measure]

fetopathy (fe-top′a-the)
SYN: embryopathy. [L. fetus + G. pathos, suffering, disease] diabetic f. f. resulting from maternal diabetes, which may cause macrosomia and fetal death.




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