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Medical Dictionary


gastroduodenoscopy (gas′tro-doo-o-de-nos′ko-pe)
Visualization of the interior of the stomach and duodenum by a gastroscope. [gastro- + duodenum, + G. skopeo, to view]

gastroduodenostomy (gas′tro-doo-o-de-nos′to-me)
Establishment of a communication between the stomach and the duodenum. [gastro- + duodenum + G. stoma, mouth]

gastrodynia (gas-tro-din′e-a)
SYN: stomach ache. [gastro- + G. odyne, pain]

gastroenteric (gas′tro-en-ter′ik)
SYN: gastrointestinal.

gastroenteritis (gas′tro-en-ter-i′tis)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of both stomach and intestine. SYN: enterogastritis. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + -itis, inflammation] acute infectious nonbacterial g. SYN: epidemic nonbacterial g.. endemic nonbacterial infantile g. an endemic viral g. of young children (6 mos–12 yrs) that is especially widespread during winter, caused by strains of rotavirus (family Reoviridae); the incubation period is 2–4 days, with symptoms lasting 3–5 days, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. SYN: infantile g.. eosinophilic g. g. with abdominal pain, malabsorption, often obstructive symptoms, associated with peripheral eosinophilia and areas of eosinophilic infiltration of the stomach, small intestine and/or colon with eosinophiles. May be an allergic etiology and responds to elimination diet in some patients; corticosteroid therapy is also effective. SYN: eosinophilic gastritis. epidemic nonbacterial g. an epidemic, highly communicable but rather mild disease of sudden onset, caused by the epidemic g. virus (especially Norwalk agent), with an incubation period of 16–48 hours and a duration of 1–2 days, which affects all age groups; infection is associated with some fever, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache, one or another of which may be predominant. SYN: acute infectious nonbacterial g.. infantile g. SYN: endemic nonbacterial infantile g.. viral g. endemic nonbacterial infantile g., epidemic nonbacterial g..

gastroenteroanastomosis (gas′tro-en-ter-o-an-as-to-mo′sis)
SYN: gastroenterostomy.

gastroenterocolitis (gas′tro-en′ter-o-ko-li′tis)
Inflammatory disease involving the stomach and intestines. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + kolon, colon, + -itis, inflammation]

gastroenterocolostomy (gas′tro-en-ter-o-ko-los′to-me)
Formation of direct communication between the stomach and the large and small intestines, usually secondary to gastric ulcer disease or a malignant process in either the colon or stomach. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + kolon, colon + stoma, mouth]

gastroenterologist (gas′tro-en-ter-ol′o-jist)
A specialist in gastroenterology.

gastroenterology (gas′tro-en-ter-ol′o-je)
The medical specialty concerned with the function and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, including stomach, intestines, and associated organs. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + logos, study]

gastroenteropathy (gas′tro-en-ter-op′a-the)
Any disorder of the alimentary canal. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + pathos, suffering]

gastroenteroplasty (gas′tro-en-ter-o-plas′te)
Operative repair of defects in the stomach and intestine. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + plasso, to form]

gastroenteroptosis (gas′tro-en-ter-o-to′sis)
Downward displacement of the stomach and a portion of the intestine. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + ptosis, a falling]

gastroenterostomy (gas′tro-en-ter-os′to-me)
Establishment of a new opening between the stomach and the intestine, either anterior or posterior to the transverse colon. SYN: gastroenteroanastomosis. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + stoma, mouth]

gastroenterotomy (gas′tro-en-ter-ot′o-me)
Section into both stomach and intestine. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + tome, incision]

gastroepiploic (gas′tro-ep′i-plo′ik)
Relating to the stomach and the greater omentum (epiploon).

gastroesophageal (gas′tro-e-sof′a-je′al)
Relating to both stomach and esophagus. [gastro- + G. oisophagos, gullet (esophagus)]

gastroesophagitis (gas′tro-e-sof-a-ji′tis)
Inflammation of the stomach and esophagus.

gastroesophagostomy (gas′tro-e-sof-a-gos′to-me)
SYN: esophagogastrostomy. [gastro- + G. oisophagos, gullet (esophagus), + stoma, mouth]

gastrogastrostomy (gas′tro-gas-tros′to-me)
Anastomosis between two parts of the stomach usually to bypass an area of narrowing. SYN: gastroanastomosis.

gastrogavage (gas-tro-ga-vahzh′)
SYN: gavage (1) .

gastrogenic (gas-tro-jen′ik)
Deriving from or caused by the stomach.

gastrograph (gas′tro-graf)
An instrument for recording graphically the movements of the stomach. SYN: gastrokinesograph. [gastro- + G. graphe, a writing]

gastrohepatic (gas′tro-he-pat′ik)
Relating to the stomach and the liver. [gastro- + G. hepar (hepat-), liver]

gastrohydrorrhea (gas′tro-hi-dro-re′a)
Excretion into the stomach of a large amount of watery fluid containing neither hydrochloric acid, chymosin nor pepsin ferments. [gastro- + G. hydor, water, + rhoia, a flow]

gastroileitis (gas′tro-il-e-i′tis)
Inflammation of the alimentary canal in which the stomach and ileum are primarily involved.

gastroileostomy (gas′tro-il-e-os′to-me)
A surgical joining of stomach to ileum; most commonly used in the treatment of severe obesity.

gastrointestinal (GI) (gas′tro-in-tes′tin-al)
Relating to the stomach and intestines. SYN: gastroenteric.

gastrojejunocolic (gas′tro-je-joo′no-kol′ik)
Referring to the stomach, jejunum, and colon.

gastrojejunostomy (gas′tro-je-joo-nos′to-me)
Establishment of a direct communication between the stomach and the jejunum. SYN: gastronesteostomy. [gastro- + jejunum G. stoma, mouth]

gastrokinesograph (gas′tro-ki-ne′so-graf)
SYN: gastrograph. [gastro- + G. kinesis, motion, + graphe, a writing]

gastrolavage (gas-tro-la-vahzh′)
Lavage of the stomach.

gastrolienal (gas-tro-li′e-nal)
SYN: gastrosplenic. [gastro- + L. lien, spleen]

gastrolith (gas′tro-lith)
A concretion in the stomach. SYN: gastric calculus. [gastro- + G. lithos, stone]

gastrolithiasis (gas′tro-li-thi′a-sis)
Presence of one or more calculi in the stomach. [gastro- + G. lithos, stone + -iasis, condition]

gastrologist (gas-trol′o-jist)
A specialist in gastrology.

gastrology (gas-trol′o-je)
The branch of medicine concerned with the stomach and its diseases. [gastro- + G. logos, study]

gastrolysis (gas-trol′i-sis)
Division of perigastric adhesions. [gastro- + G. lysis, loosening]

gastromalacia (gas′tro-ma-la′she-a)
Softening of the walls of the stomach. [gastro- + G. malakia, softness]

gastromegaly (gas′tro-meg′a-le)
1. Enlargement of the stomach. 2. Enlargement of the abdomen. [gastro- + G. megas (megal-), large]

gastromelus (gas-trom′e-lus)
A condition in which an individual has a supernumerary limb attached to the abdomen. See conjoined twins, under twin. [gastro- + G. melos, a limb]

gastromyxorrhea (gas′tro-mik-so-re′a)
Excessive secretion of mucus in the stomach. SYN: myxorrhea gastrica. [gastro- + G. myxa, mucus, + rhoia, a flow]

gastronesteostomy (gas′tro-nes-te-os′to-me)
SYN: gastrojejunostomy. [gastro- + G. nestis, jejunum, + stoma, mouth]

gastropagus (gas-trop′a-gus)
Conjoined twins united at the abdomen. See conjoined twins, under twin. [gastro- + -pagus]

gastroparalysis (gas′tro-pa-ral′i-sis)
Paralysis of the muscular coat of the stomach.

gastroparasitus (gas′tro-par-a-si′tus)
Unequal conjoined twins in which the incomplete parasite is attached to, or within, the abdomen of the autosite. See conjoined twins, under twin.

gastroparesis (gas-tro-pa-re′sis, -par′e-sis)
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, which results in delayed emptying of the bowels. [gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis] g. diabeticorum dilation of the stomach with gastric retention in diabetics, commonly seen in association with severe acidosis or coma.

gastropathic (gas-tro-path′ik)
Denoting gastropathy.

gastropathy (gas-trop′a-the)
Any disease of the stomach. [gastro- + G. pathos, disease] hypertrophic hypersecretory g. nodular thickenings of gastric mucosa with acid hypersecretion and frequently peptic ulceration, not associated with a gastrin-secreting tumor.

gastropexy (gas′tro-pek-se)
Attachment of the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm. [gastro- + G. pexis, fixation]

Gastrophilidae (gas-tro-fil′i-de)
SYN: Gasterophilidae.

gastrophrenic (gas′tro-fren′ik)
Relating to the stomach and the diaphragm. [gastro- + G. phren, diaphragm]

gastroplasty (gas′tro-plas-te)
1. Operative treatment of a defect in the stomach or the production of a gastric tube at the lower esophagus that uses the stomach wall for the reconstruction. 2. The producing of a staple line across the upper portion of the stomach to limit intake, used in severe obesity. [gastro- + G. plastos, formed] Collis g. a technique for lengthening a “short” esophagus; a full-thickness incision of the gastric cardia is made parallel to the lesser curvature, usually with a staple line to lengthen the esophagus by making a tube of the upper part of the stomach. vertical banded g. a g. for treatment of morbid obesity in which an upper gastric pouch is formed by a vertical staple line, with a band applied at the outlet into the main pouch to prevent dilation.

gastroplication (gas′tro-pli-ka′shun)
An operation for reducing the size of the stomach by suturing a longitudinal fold with the peritoneal surfaces in apposition. SYN: gastroptyxis, gastrorrhaphy (2) , stomach reefing. [gastro- + L. plico, to fold]

gastropneumonic (gas′tro-noo-mon′ik)
SYN: pneumogastric. [gastro- + G. pneumon, lung]

gastropod (gas′tro-pod)
Common name for members of the class Gastropoda.

Gastropoda (gas-trop′o-da)
A class of the phylum Mollusca that includes the snails, whelks, slugs, and limpets. [gastro- + G. pous (pod-), foot]

gastroptosis, gastroptosia (gas-tro-to′sis, -to′se-a)
Downward displacement of the stomach. SYN: bathygastry, descensus ventriculi, ventroptosis, ventroptosia. [gastro- + G. ptosis, a falling]

gastroptyxis (gas-tro-tik′sis)
SYN: gastroplication. [gastro- + G. ptyxis, a fold]

gastropulmonary (gas-tro-pul′mo-nar-e)
SYN: pneumogastric.

gastropyloric (gas′tro-pi-lor′ik)
Relating to the stomach as a whole and to the pylorus.

gastrorrhagia (gas-tro-ra′je-a)
Hemorrhage from the stomach. SYN: gastric hemorrhage. [gastro- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]

gastrorrhaphy (gas-tror′a-fe)
1. Suture of a perforation of the stomach. 2. SYN: gastroplication. [gastro- + G. rhaphe, a stitching]

gastrorrhea (gas-tro-re′a)
Excessive secretion of gastric juice or of mucus (gastromyxorrhea) by the stomach. [gastro- + G. rhoia, a flow]

gastrorrhexis (gas′tro-rek′sis)
A tear or bursting of the stomach. [gastro- + G. rhexis, a bursting]

gastroschisis (gas-tros′ki-sis)
A congenital fissure in the abdominal wall not involving the umbilical cord; usually accompanied by protrusion of viscera. [gastro- + G. schisis, a fissure]

gastroscope (gas′tro-skop)
An endoscope for inspecting the interior of the stomach. [gastro- + G. skopeo, to examine] fiberoptic g. instrument using fiberoptics for inspection of the interior of the stomach.

gastroscopic (gas-tro-skop′ik)
Relating to gastroscopy.

gastroscopy (gas-tros′ko-pe)
Inspection of the interior of the stomach through an endoscope.

gastrospasm (gas′tro-spazm)
Spasmodic contraction of the walls of the stomach.

gastrosplenic (gas-tro-splen′ik)
Relating to the stomach and the spleen. SYN: gastrolienal.


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