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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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ignipedites (ig′ni-pe-di′tez)
Burning pain in the soles of the feet, in multiple neuritis. [L. ignis, fire, + pes (ped-), foot, + G. ites]

ignipuncture (ig′ni-pungk-choor)
The original procedure of closing a retinal break in retinal separation by transfixation of the break with cautery. [L. ignis, fire, + puncture]

ignotine (ig′no-ten)
SYN: carnosine.

IH
Abbreviation for infectious hepatitis.

IJP
Abbreviation for inhibitory junction potential.

ikota (i-ko′ta)
A neurosis, similar to latah, affecting married women among the Samoyeds of Siberia.

IL-1
Abbreviation for interleukin-1.

IL-2
Abbreviation for interleukin-2.

IL-3
Abbreviation for interleukin-3.

IL-4
Abbreviation for interleukin-4.

IL-5
Abbreviation for interleukin-5.

IL-6
Abbreviation for interleukin-6.

IL-7
Abbreviation for interleukin-7.

IL-8
Abbreviation for interleukin-8.

IL-9
Abbreviation for interleukin-9.

IL-10
Abbreviation for interleukin-10.

IL-11
Abbreviation for interleukin-11.

IL-12
Abbreviation for interleukin-12.

IL-13
Abbreviation for interleukin-13.

IL-14
Abbreviation for interleukin-14.

IL-15
Abbreviation for interleukin-15.

IL-16
Abbreviation for interleukin-16.

IL-17
Abbreviation for interleukin-17.

IL-18
Abbreviation for interleukin-18.

ILA
Abbreviation for insulinlike activity.

ileac (il′e-ak)
1. Relating to ileus. 2. Relating to the ileum.

ileadelphus (il′e-a-del′fus)
SYN: duplicitas posterior.

ileal (il′e-al)
Of or pertaining to the ileum.

ileectomy (il-e-ek′to-me)
Removal of the ileum. [ileum + G. ektome, excision]

ileitis (il-e-i′tis)
Inflammation of the ileum. backwash i. involvement of the terminal ileum by the inflammatory and ulcerative changes seen in chronic ulcerative colitis; distinguished from involvement of ileum and proximal colon by regional (granulomatous) enteritis ( e.g., Crohn disease of terminal ileum and proximal colon). distal i., regional i., terminal i. SYN: regional enteritis.

ileo-
The ileum. [New L. ileum, groin]

ileocecal (il′e-o-se′kal)
Relating to both ileum and cecum.

ileocecocystoplasty (il′e-o-se′ko-sis′to-plas-te)
Bladder reconstruction and augmentation with an isolated vascularized segment of ileocecum. [ileo- + ceco- + G. kystis, bladder, + plastos, formed]

ileocecostomy (il′e-o-se-kos′to′me)
Anastomosis of the ileum to the cecum. SYN: cecoileostomy.

ileocecum (il-e-o-se′kum)
The combined ileum and cecum.

ileocolic (il′e-o-kol′ik)
Relating to the ileum and the colon. SYN: ileocolonic.

ileocolitis (il′e-o-ko-li′tis)
Inflammation to a varying extent of the mucous membrane of both ileum and colon.

ileocolonic (il′e-o-ko-lon′ik)
SYN: ileocolic.

ileocolostomy (il′e-o-ko-los′to-me)
Anastomosis of the ileum to the colon. [ileo- + colostomy]

ileocystoplasty (il′e-o-sis′to-plas-te)
Reconstruction of the bladder with an isolated vascularized segment of ileum to augment bladder capacity. [ileo- + G. kystis, bladder, + plastos, formed]

ileoentectropy (il′e-o-en-tek′tro-pe)
Rarely used term for eversion of a segment of the ileum. [ileo- + G. entos, within, + ek, out, + trope, a turning]

ileoileostomy (il′e-o-il-e-os′to-me)
1. Anastomosis between two segments of the ileum. 2. The opening so established. [ileum + ileum + G. stoma, mouth]

ileojejunitis (il′e-o-je-joo-ni′tis)
A chronic inflammatory condition involving the jejunum and parts or most of the ileum; occurs in different forms: a granulomatous state resembling regional ileitis, pseudodiverticula, or cicatricial stenosis of the bowel.

ileopexy (il′e-o-pek′se)
Surgical fixation of ileum. [ileo- + G. pexis, fixation]

ileoproctostomy (il′e-o-prok-tos′to-me)
Anastomosis between the ileum and the rectum. SYN: ileorectostomy. [ileo- + G. proktos, anus (rectum), + stoma, mouth]

ileorectostomy (il′e-o-rek-tos′to-me)
SYN: ileoproctostomy. [ileum + rectum + G. stoma, mouth]

ileorrhaphy (il′e-or′a-fe)
Suturing the ileum. [ileo- + G. rhaphe, suture]

ileosigmoidostomy (il′e-o-sig′moyd-os′to-me)
Anastomosis between the ileum and the sigmoid colon. [ileo- + sigmoid, + G. stoma, mouth]

ileostomy (il′e-os′to-me)
Establishment of a fistula through which the ileum discharges directly to the outside of the body. [ileo- + G. stoma, mouth] Brooke i. i. in which the divided proximal ileum, brought through the abdominal wall, is evaginated and its edge is sutured to the dermis; a 2-cm protrusion is the desired result of the procedure. Kock i. SYN: Kock pouch.

ileotomy (il′e-ot′o-me)
Incision into the ileum. [ileo- + G. tome, incision]

ileotransversostomy (il′e-o-tranz-vers-os′to-me)
Anastomosis of the ileum to the transverse colon. [ileum + transverse colon, + G. stoma, mouth]

ileum (il′e-um) [TA]
The third and longest portion of the small intestine, about 12 feet in length in humans, extending from an indistinct junction with the jejunum to the ileocecal opening. Overall, it is distinct from jejunum in being typically smaller in diameter with thinner walls, having smaller and less complex circular folds (plicae circulares), its mesentery having more fat and its arteries (ileal arteries) forming more tiers of arterial arcades with shorter vasa recta. [L. fr. G. eileo, to roll up, twist] i. duplex tubular or cystic segmental duplications of alimentary tract.

ileus (il′e-us)
Mechanical, dynamic, or adynamic obstruction of the bowel; may be accompanied by severe colicky pain, abdominal distention, vomiting, absence of passage of stool, and often fever and dehydration. [G. eileos, intestinal colic, from eilo, to roll up tight] adynamic i. obstruction of the bowel due to paralysis of the bowel wall, usually as a result of localized or generalized peritonitis or shock. SYN: paralytic i.. dynamic i. intestinal obstruction due to spastic contraction of a segment of the bowel. SYN: spastic i.. gallstone i. obstruction of the small intestine produced by passage of a gallstone from the biliary tract (usually the gallbladder as a result of cholecystitis) into the intestinal tract (usually by means of a fistulous connection between the gallbladder and the small intestine); occurrence and site of obstruction depend upon size of the stone, but the usual location is at or near the ileocecal junction. mechanical i. obstruction of the bowel due to some mechanical cause, e.g., volvulus, gallstone, adhesions. meconium i. intestinal obstruction in the fetus and newborn following inspissation of meconium and caused by lack of trypsin; associated with cystic fibrosis. occlusive i. complete mechanical blocking of the intestinal lumen. paralytic i. SYN: adynamic i.. spastic i. SYN: dynamic i.. i. subparta obstruction of the large bowel by pressure of the pregnant uterus. terminal i. obstruction of the lower part of the small bowel. SYN: pars terminalis ilei [TA] . verminous i. obstruction due to masses of intestinal parasites.

iliac (il′e-ak)
Relating to the ilium.

iliacus (il-i′a-kus)
See i. (muscle).

iliadelphus (il′e-a-del′fus)
SYN: duplicitas posterior. [L. ilium + G. adelphos, brother]

ilio-
The ilium. [L. ilium]

iliococcygeal (il′e-o-kok-sij′e-al)
Relating to the ilium and the coccyx.

iliocolotomy (il′e-o-ko-lot′o-me)
The operation of opening into the colon in the inguinal (iliac) region. [ilio- + G. kolon, colon, + tome, incision]

iliocostal (il′e-o-kos′tal)
Relating to the ilium and the ribs; denoting muscles passing between the two parts.

iliocostalis (il′e-o-kos-ta′lis)
See i. (muscle).

iliofemoral (il′e-o-fem′o-ral)
Relating to the ilium and the femur.

iliofemoroplasty (il-e-o-fem′or-o-plas-te)
An obsolete method of securing a hip fusion by an extra-articular technique (a joint bypass procedure) in which a turned down bone flap from the ilium is placed into a split in the greater trochanter.

iliohypogastric (il′e-o-hi-po-gas′trik)
Relating to the iliac and the hypogastric regions.

ilioinguinal (il′e-o-ing′gwi-nal)
Relating to the iliac region and the groin.

iliolumbar (il-e-o-lum′bar)
Relating to the iliac and the lumbar regions.

iliopagus (il-e-op′a-gus)
Conjoined twins in which the fusion is restricted to the iliac region. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ilio- + G. pagos, something fixed]

iliopectineal (il′e-o-pek-tin′e-al)
Relating to the ilium and the pubis.

iliopelvic (il′e-o-pel′vik)
Relating to the iliac region and the cavity of the pelvis.

iliosacral (il′e-o-sa′kral)
Relating to the ilium and the sacrum.




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