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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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intern (in′tern)
An advanced student or recent graduate undertaking further education (usually the first postgraduate year) by assisting in the medical or surgical care of hospital patients, with supervision and instruction; formerly, one who resided within the institution. [F. interne, inside]

internal (in-ter′nal) [TA]
Away from the surface; often incorrectly used to mean medial. SYN: internus [TA] . [L. internus]

internalization (in-ter′nal-i-za′shun)
Adopting as one's own the standards and values of another person or society.

internarial (in-ter-na′re-al)
Between the nares or nostrils. SYN: internasal.

internasal (in-ter-na′sal)
SYN: internarial.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD, ICDA)
The classification of specific conditions and groups of conditions determined by an internationally representative expert committee that advises the World Health Organization, which publishes the complete list in a periodically revised book, the Manual of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death. The Tenth Revision (ICD-10) came into use in 1992; it has 20 chapters, each with a hierarchical arrangement of subdivisions (rubrics); some chapters are etiological, some relate to body systems, some to classes of conditions, some to procedures.

International Classification of Health Problems in Primary Care (ICHPPC)
A classification of diseases, conditions and problems arranged for use in primary care where diagnostic precision is seldom possible.

International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH)
A WHO-sponsored numerical taxonomy of the impairments, disabilities and handicaps consequent upon injury and disease.

International Committee of the Red Cross
A politically neutral Swiss organization serving as an intermediary between contending forces in armed conflict, in civil war, or internal strife, to help victims receive protection and other humanitarian assistance under the Geneva Conventions in accordance with the fundamental principles of the Red Cross.

International System of Units (SI)
A system of measurements, based on the metric system, adopted at the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures of the International Organization for Standardization (1960) to cover both the coherent units (basic, supplementary, and derived units) and the decimal multiples and submultiples of these units formed by use of prefixes proposed for general international scientific and technological use. SI proposes seven basic units: meter (m), kilogram (kg), second (s), ampere (A), Kelvin (K), candela (cd), and mole (mol) for the basic quantities of length, mass, time, electric current, temperature, luminous intensity, and amount of substance, respectively; supplementary units proposed include the radian (rad) for plane angle and steradian (sr) for solid angle; derived units ( e.g., force, power, frequency) are stated in terms of the basic units ( e.g., velocity is in meters per second, m s−1). Multiples (prefixes) in descending order are: exa- (E, 1018), peta- (P, 1015), tera- (T, 1012), giga- (G, 109), mega- (M, 106), kilo- (k, 103), hecto- (h, 102), deca- (da, 101), deci- (d, 10−1), centi- (c, 10−2), milli- (m, 10−3), micro- (μ, 10−6), nano- (n, 10−9), pico- (p, 10−12), femto- (f, 10−15), atto- (a, 10−18). Proposed prefixes are zetta- (z, 1021), yotta- (y, 1024), zepto- (z, 10−21), and yocto- (y, 10−24). Those involving a multiple of 103 are recommended; compounds of these are not recommended ( e.g., mμ for n). [Fr. Système International d'Unités]

interne
Intern.

interneuromeric (in′ter-noor-o-mer′ik)
Between the neuromeres.

interneurons (in′ter-noo′ronz)
Combinations or groups of neurons between sensory and motor neurons that govern coordinated activity.

internist (in-ter′nist, in′ter-nist)
A physician trained in internal medicine.

internodal (in-ter-no′dal)
Between two nodes; relating to an internode.

internode (in′ter-nod)
SYN: internodal segment.

internuclear (in-ter-noo′kle-ar)
Between nerve cell groups in the brain or retina.

internuncial (in-ter-nun′se-al)
1. Indicating a neuron functionally interposed between two or more other neurons. 2. Acting as a medium of communication between two organs. [L. internuntius (or -nuncius), a messenger between two parties, fr. inter, between, + nuncius, a messenger]

internus (in-ter′nus) [TA]
SYN: internal. [L.]

interocclusal (in′ter-o-kloo′sal)
Between the occlusal surfaces of opposing teeth.

interoceptive (in′ter-o-sep′tiv)
Relating to the sensory nerve cells innervating the viscera (thoracic, abdominal and pelvic organs, and the cardiovascular system), their sensory end organs, or the information they convey to the spinal cord and the brain. [inter- + L. capio, to take]

interoceptor (in′ter-o-sep′ter)
One of the various forms of small sensory end organs (receptors) situated within the walls of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts or in other viscera. [inter- + L. capio, to take]

interolivary (in-ter-ol′i-var-e)
Between the left and right inferior olive of the medulla oblongata.

interorbital (in-ter-or′bi-tal)
Between the orbits.

interosseal (in-ter-os′e-al)
SYN: interosseous.

interossei (in-ter-os′e-i)
Plural of interosseus.

interosseous (in′ter-os′e-us)
Lying between or connecting bones; denoting certain muscles and ligaments. SYN: interosseal. [inter- + L. os, bone]

interosseus, pl .interossei (in′ter-os′e-us, -os′e-i)
See muscle.

interpalpebral (in-ter-pal′pe-bral)
Between the eyelids.

interparietal (in′ter-pa-ri′e-tal)
Between the walls of a part, or between the parietal bones. [inter- + L. paries, wall]

interparoxysmal (in′ter-par-ok-siz′mal)
Occurring between successive paroxysms of a disease.

interpediculate (in-ter-pe-dik′u-lat)
Between vertebral pedicles.

interpeduncular (in-ter-pe-dunk′u-lar)
Between any two peduncles.

interpersonal (in-ter-per′son-al)
Pertaining to relations and social exchanges between persons.

interphalangeal (in′ter-fa-lan′je-al)
Between two phalanges; denoting the finger or toe joints.

interphase (in′ter-faz)
The stage between two successive divisions of a cell nucleus in which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs. SYN: karyostasis.

interphyletic (in′ter-fi-let′ik)
Denoting the transitional forms between two kinds of cells during the course of metaplasia. [inter- + G. phyle, tribe]

interplant
The material transferred from donor to host in interplanting.

interplanting
In experimental embryology, the transferring of a primordial cell mass from an embryo to an indifferent environment in another embryo, as in chorioallantoic grafts or intraocular transplants.

interpretation (in-ter-pre-ta′shun)
1. In psychoanalysis, the characteristic therapeutic intervention of the analyst. 2. In clinical psychology, drawing inferences and formulating the meaning in terms of the psychological dynamics inherent in an individual's responses to psychological tests or during psychotherapy.

interproximal (in-ter-prok′si-mal)
Between adjoining surfaces.

interpubic (in-ter-pu′bik)
Between the two pubic bones.

interpupillary (in-ter-pu′pi-lar-e)
Between the pupils.

interradial (in-ter-ra′de-al)
Situated between radii or rays.

interrenal (in-ter-re′nal)
Between the two kidneys.

interscapular (in-ter-skap′u-lar)
Between the scapulae.

interscapulum (in-ter-skap′u-lum)
The part of the back between the shoulders, or that between the scapulae.

intersciatic (in-ter-si-at′ik)
SYN: interischiadic.

intersectio, pl .intersectiones (in′ter-sek′she-o, -sek-she-o′nez) [TA]
SYN: intersection. [L.] intersectiones tendineae musculi recti abdominis [TA] SYN: tendinous intersections of rectus abdominis, under intersection. i. tendinea [TA] SYN: tendinous intersection.

intersection (in′ter-sek-shun) [TA]
The site of crossing of two structures. SYN: intersectio [TA] . tendinous i. [TA] a tendinous band or partition running across a muscle. SYN: intersectio tendinea [TA] , inscriptio tendinea, tendinous inscription. tendinous intersections of rectus abdominis [TA] usually three but occasionally four transverse fibrous bands or partial bands occurring at intervals as interruptions of the fleshy, contractile portions of the rectus abdominis muscle; they usually occur at and superior to the umbilicus. SYN: intersectiones tendineae musculi recti abdominis [TA] .

intersectiones (in-ter-sek-she-o′nez)
Plural of intersectio.

intersegmental (in-ter-seg-men′tal)
Between two segments, such as metameres or myotomes.

interseptal (in-ter-sep′tal)
Lying between two septa.

interseptovalvular (in′ter-sep-to-val′vu-lar)
Between the embryonic septum primum and septum spurium.

interseptum (in-ter-sep′tum)
SYN: diaphragm (1) . [L]

intersexual (in-ter-seks′u-al)
Relating to or characterized by intersexuality.

intersexuality (in′ter-seks-u-al′i-te)
The condition of having both male and female characteristics; being intermediate between the sexes.

interspace (in′ter-spas)
Any space between two similar objects, such as a costal i. or interval between two ribs.

interspinal (in-ter-spi′nal)
Between two spines, such as the spinous processes of the vertebrae. SYN: interspinous.

interspinalis (in-ter-spi-na′lis)
See interspinales (muscles), under muscle.

interspinous (in-ter-spi′nus)
SYN: interspinal.

interstice, pl .interstices (in-ter′stis, -sti-siz)
SYN: interstitium. [L. interstitium, fr. sisto, to stand]

interstitial (in-ter-stish′al)
1. Relating to spaces or interstices in any structure. 2. Relating to spaces within a tissue or organ, but excluding such spaces as body cavities or potential space. Cf.:intracavitary.

interstitium (in-ter-stish′e-um)
A small area, space, or gap in the substance of an organ or tissue. SEE ALSO: connective tissue. SYN: interstice. [L.]

intertarsal (in-ter-tar′sal)
Denoting the articulations of the tarsal bones with each other. SYN: tarsotarsal.

interthalamic (in-ter-thal′a-mik)
Between the thalami.

intertransversalis (in-ter-trans-ver-sa′lis)
Intertransversarius. See muscle.

intertransverse (in′ter-trans′vers)
Between the transverse processes of the vertebrae.

intertriginous (in-ter-trij′i-nus)
Characterized by or related to intertrigo.

intertrigo (in-ter-tri′go)
Irritant dermatitis occurring between folds or juxtaposed surfaces of the skin, as between the buttocks, between the scrotum and the thigh, beneath pendulous breasts, etc.; caused by friction, sweat retention, moisture, warmth, and concomitant overgrowth of resident microorganisms; occurring in young children (see diaper dermatitis) and obese adults. [L. a galling of the skin, fr. inter, between, + tero, to rub]

intertrochanteric (in′ter-tro-kan-tar′ik)
Between the two trochanters of the femur.

intertubular (in-ter-too′bu-lar)
Between or among tubules.




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