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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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paracoccidioidomycosis (par′a-kok-sid-e-oy′do-mi-ko′sis)
A chronic mycosis characterized by primary pulmonary lesions with dissemination to many visceral organs, conspicuous ulcerative granulomas of the buccal and nasal mucosa with extensions to the skin, and generalized lymphangitis; caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. SYN: Almeida disease, Lutz-Splendore-Almeida disease, paracoccidioidal granuloma, South American blastomycosis.

paracolitis (par′a-ko-li′tis)
Inflammation of the peritoneal coat of the colon.

paracolpitis (par′a-kol-pi′tis)
SYN: paravaginitis. [para- + G. kolpos, vagina, + -itis, inflammation]

paracolpium (par-a-kol′pe-um)
The tissues alongside the vagina. [para- + G. kolpos, vagina]

paracone (par′a-kon)
The mesiobuccal cusp of an upper molar tooth. [para- + G. konos, cone]

paraconid (par-a-kon′id)
The mesiobuccal cusp of a lower molar tooth.

paracortex (par-a-kor′teks)
The area of a lymph node between the subcapsular cortex and the medullary cords; it contains mostly the long-lived lymphocytes derived from the thymus. SYN: deep cortex, tertiary cortex, thymus-dependent zone.

paracousis (par-a-koo′sis)
SYN: paracusis.

paracrine (par′a-krin)
Relating to a kind of hormone function in which the effects of the hormone are restricted to the local environment. Cf.:endocrine. [para- + G. krino, to separate]

paracusis, paracusia (par′a-koo′sis, -koo′se-a)
1. Impaired hearing. 2. Auditory illusions or hallucinations. SYN: paracousis. [para- + G. akousis, hearing] false p. the apparent increase in hearing of a person with a conductive hearing loss in conversation in noisy surroundings because of others speaking more loudly. SYN: Willis p.. p. loci loss or diminution of the power of determining the direction of sound. Willis p. SYN: false p..

paracyesis (par-a-si-e′sis)
SYN: ectopic pregnancy. [para- + G. kyesis, pregnancy]

paracystic (par-a-sis′tik)
Alongside or near a bladder, specifically the urinary bladder. SYN: paravesical. [para- + G. kystis, bladder]

paracystitis (par′a-sis-ti′tis)
Inflammation of the connective tissue and other structures about the urinary bladder. [para- + G. kystis, bladder, + -itis, inflammation]

paracystium (par-a-sis′te-um)
The tissues adjacent to the urinary bladder. [para- + G. kystis, bladder]

paracytic (par-a-si′tik)
1. Relating to cells other than those normal to the part where they are found. 2. Between or among, but independent of, cells. [para- + G. kytos, cell]

paradenitis (par′ad′e-ni′tis)
Inflammation of the tissues adjacent to a gland. [para- + G. aden, gland, + -itis, inflammation]

paradental (par-a-den′tal)
SYN: periodontal.

paradentium (par-a-den′te-oom)
SYN: periodontium.

paradidymal (par-a-did′i-mal)
1. Relating to the paradidymis. 2. Alongside the testis.

paradidymis, pl .paradidymides (par′a-did′i-mis, -di-dim′i-dez) [TA]
A small body sometimes attached to the front of the lower part of the spermatic cord above the head of the epididymis; the remnants of tubules of the mesonephros. Its equivalent in the female is the paroöphoron. SYN: parepididymis. [para- + G. didymos, twin, in pl. didymoi, testes]

paradipsia (par-a-dip′se-a)
A perverted appetite for fluids, ingested without relation to bodily need. [para- + G. dipsa, thirst]

paradox (par′a-doks)
That which is apparently, though not actually, inconsistent with or opposed to the known facts in any case. [G. paradoxos, incredible, beyond belief, fr. doxa, belief] Weber p. if a muscle is loaded beyond its power to contract it may elongate.

paraesthesia (par-es-the′ze-a)
SYN: paresthesia.

paraffin (par′a-fin)
1. One of the methane series of acyclic hydrocarbons. 2. SYN: hard p.. [L. parum, little, + affinis, neighboring, akin, so called because of its slight tendency to chemical reaction] chlorinated p. a solvent for dichloramine-T. hard p. a purified mixture of solid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. SYN: p. (2) . liquid p. SYN: mineral oil. white soft p. SYN: white petrolatum. yellow soft p. SYN: petrolatum.

paraffinoma (par′a-fi-no′ma)
A tumefaction, usually a granuloma, caused by the prosthetic or therapeutic injection of paraffin into the tissues; sometimes used with reference to similar lesions resulting from the injection of any oil, wax, or the like. SEE ALSO: lipogranuloma. SYN: paraffin tumor.

Parafilaria multipapillosa (par′a-fi-la′re-a mul′ti-pap-i-lo′sa)
A common filarial parasite that causes dermatorrhagia parasitica.

paraflagella (par′a-fla-jel′a)
Plural of paraflagellum.

paraflagellate (par-a-flaj′e-lat)
1. Having one or more paraflagella. 2. SYN: paramastigote.

paraflagellum, pl .paraflagella (par′a-fla-jel′um, -a)
A minute accessory flagellum sometimes present in addition to the ordinary flagellum of certain protozoans.

paraflocculus ventralis
SYN: ventral paraflocculus.

parafollicular (par-a-fo-lik′u-lar)
Associated spatially with a follicle.

paraformaldehyde (par-a-for-mal′de-hid)
A polymer of formaldehyde, used as a disinfectant. SYN: trioxymethylene.




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