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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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phlebostenosis (fleb′o-ste-no′sis)
Narrowing of the lumen of a vein from any cause. [phlebo- + G. stenosis, a narrowing]

phlebothrombosis (fleb′o-throm-bo′sis)
Thrombosis, or clotting, in a vein without primary inflammation. [phlebo- + thrombosis]

phlebotomine (fle-bot′o-men)
Relating to sand flies of the genus Phlebotomus.

phlebotomist (fle-bot′o-mist)
An individual trained and skilled in phlebotomy.

phlebotomize (fle-bot′o-miz)
1. To draw blood from. 2. To achieve iron overload reduction by repeated removal of blood, as in hemochromatosis.

Phlebotomus (fle-bot′o-mus)
A genus of very small bloodsucking sandflies of the subfamily Phlebotominae, family Psychodidae. [phlebo- + G. tomos, cutting] P. argentipes the vector of kala azar in India. P. chinensis the vector of kala azar in China. P. flaviscutellatus SYN: Lutzomyia flaviscutellata. P. longipalpis a vector of kala azar in South America. SYN: Lutzomyia longipalpis. P. major a vector of kala azar in the Mediterranean region. P. noguchi the transmitter of Bartonella organisms, the causal agent of Oroya fever. P. orientalis a vector of kala azar in the Sudan. P. papatasii transmitter of the virus of p. fever; also a vector of Leishmania tropica in the Mediterranean area. P. perniciosus a vector of kala azar in the Mediterranean region. P. sergenti a vector of Leishmania tropica, the cause of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. P. verrucarum a form found in Peru that transmits Bartonella organisms, the causal agent of Oroya fever.

phlebotomy (fle-bot′o-me)
Incision into or needle puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood. SYN: venesection, venotomy. [phlebo- + G. tome, incision] bloodless p. SYN: phlebostasis (2) .

Phlebovirus (fleb′o-vi-rus)
A genus of the family Bunyaviridae that contains more than 40 viruses that cross-react; transmitted by arthropods primarily of the genus Phlebotomus; causes sandfly fever and Rift Valley fever.

phlegm (flem)
1. Abnormal amounts of mucus, especially as expectorated from the mouth. 2. One of the four humors of the body, according to the ancient Greek humoral doctrine. [G. phlegma, inflammation]

phlegmasia (fleg-ma′ze-a)
Obsolete term for inflammation, especially when acute and severe. [G. fr. phlegma, inflammation] p. cerulea dolens thrombosis of the veins of a limb, with sudden severe pain with swelling, cyanosis, and edema of the part, followed by circulatory collapse and shock.

phlegmatic (fleg-mat′ik)
Relating to the heavy one of the four ancient Greek humors (see phlegm), and therefore calm, apathetic, unexcitable. [G. phlegmatikos, relating to phlegm]

phlegmonous (fleg′mon-us)
Denoting phlegmon.

phlogiston (flo-jis′ton)
A hypothetical substance of negative mass that, according to the theory of G.E. Stahl, was given off by a substance when it underwent combustion, thus accounting for the decrease in mass of the ash over the original substance; abandoned after the discoveries of Priestley and Lavoisier concerning oxygen. [G. phlogistos, inflammable]

phlogosin (flo′go-sin)
A substance, isolated from cultures of pus-producing cocci, injections of sterilized solutions of which will excite suppuration. [G. phlogosis, inflammation]

phlogotherapy (flo′go-thar′a-pe)
SYN: nonspecific therapy. [G. phlogosis, inflammation, + therapy]

phloridzin
A dihydrochalcone occurring in many parts of the apple tree; used experimentally to produce glycosuria in animals. SYN: phlorizin.

phlorizin
SYN: phloridzin.

phloroglucin, phloroglucinol, phloroglucol (flor-o-gloo′sin, -gloo′sin-ol, -gloo′kol)
An isomer of pyrogallol, obtained from resorcinol by fusion with caustic soda; used as a reagent with vanillin, as a decalcifier of bone specimens, and as an antispasmodic. [phloridzin + G. glykys, sweet, + -in]

phloxine (flok-sen, -sin) [C.I. 45405]
A red acid dye used as a cytoplasmic stain in histology.

phlyctenula, pl .phlyctenulae (flik-ten′u-la)
A small red nodule of lymphoid cells, with ulcerated apex, occurring in the conjunctiva. SYN: phlyctenule. [Mod. L. dim. of G. phlyktaina, blister]

phlyctenular (flik-ten′u-lar)
Relating to a phlyctenula.

phlyctenule (flik′ten-ul)
SYN: phlyctenula.

phlyctenulosis (flik-ten′u-lo′sis)
A nodular hypersensitive affection of corneal and conjunctival epithelium due to endogenous toxin.

PhNCS
Symbol for phenylisothiocyanate.

phobia (fo′be-a)
Any objectively unfounded morbid dread or fear that arouses a state of panic. The word is used as a combining form in many terms expressing the object that inspires the fear. [G. phobos, fear] alcoholism alcoholophobia. animals zoophobia. bees apiphobia, melissophobia. being beaten rhabdophobia. being buried alive taphophobia. being dirty automysophobia. being locked in clithrophobia. being stared at scopophobia. birth of malformed fetus teratophobia. blood hemophobia. blushing ereuthophobia. cancer cancerophobia, carcinophobia. cats ailurophobia. childbirth tocophobia. children pediophobia. choking pnigophobia. climbing climacophobia. cold psychrophobia. colors chromatophobia, chromophobia. confinement claustrophobia. corpses necrophobia. crossing a bridge gephyrophobia. crowds ochlophobia. dampness hygrophobia. darkness nyctophobia, scotophobia. dawn eosophobia. daylight phengophobia. death thanatophobia. deep places bathophobia. deserted places eremophobia. dirt mysophobia, rhypophobia. disease nosophobia, pathophobia. disorder ataxiophobia. dogs cynophobia. dolls pediophobia. drafts aerophobia, anemophobia. drugs pharmacophobia. eating phagophobia. electricity electrophobia. enclosed space claustrophobia. error hamartophobia. everything panphobia. excrement coprophobia. fatigue ponophobia, kopophobia. fever pyrexiophobia. filth rhypophobia. fire pyrophobia. fish ichthyophobia. food cibophobia. forests hylephobia. fur doraphobia. germs microphobia. ghosts phasmophobia. girls parthenophobia. glare of light photaugiaphobia. glass crystallophobia, hyalophobia. God theophobia. hair trichophobia, trichopathophobia. heart disease cardiophobia. heat thermophobia. heights acrophobia. home, returning to nostophobia. human companionship anthropophobia, phobanthropy. ideas ideophobia. infection molysmophobia. insects entomophobia. itching acarophobia. jealousy zelophobia. lice pediculophobia, phthiriophobia. light photophobia. lightning astrapophobia, keraunophobia. machinery mechanophobia. malignancy cancerophobia, carcinophobia. many things polyphobia. marriage gamophobia. men (males), androphobia. metal objects metallophobia. microorganisms microphobia. minute objects microphobia. mirrors spectrophobia. missiles ballistophobia. moisture hygrophobia. movements kinesophobia. nakedness gymnophobia. names nomatophobia, onomatophobia. neglect of duty, omission of duty paralipophobia. night nyctophobia. novelty neophobia. odors olfactophobia, osmophobia, osphresiophobia, bromidosiphobia. open spaces agoraphobia. pain algophobia. parasites parasitophobia. phobias phobophobia. places topophobia. pleasure hedonophobia. pointed objects aichmophobia. poisoning toxicophobia, iophobia. poverty peniaphobia. precipices cremnophobia. pregnancy maieusiophobia. radiation radiophobia. rain ombrophobia. rectal disease proctophobia, rectophobia. religious objects, sacred objects hierophobia. responsibility hypengyophobia. rivers potamophobia. robbers harpaxophobia. school p. a young child's sudden aversion to or fear of attending school, usually considered a manifestation of separation anxiety. sea thalassophobia. self autophobia. semen, loss of spermatophobia. sexual intercourse coitophobia, cypridophobia. sexual love erotophobia. sharp objects belonephobia. simple p. SYN: specific p.. sin hamartophobia. sinning peccatiphobia. skin of animals doraphobia. skin diseases dermatophobia. sleep hypnophobia. snakes ophidiophobia. social p. 1. a persistent pattern of significant fear of a social or performance situation, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the situation or in anticipation of it, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and interferes significantly with the person's functioning; 2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when specific criteria are met. solitude eremophobia, autophobia, monophobia. sounds acousticophobia, phonophobia. speaking laliophobia. specific p. 1. a persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning; 2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specific criteria are met. SYN: simple p.. spiders arachnephobia. stairs climacophobia stealing kleptophobia. strangers xenophobia. stuttering laliophobia. sun heliophobia. teeth odontophobia. thirteen triskaidekaphobia. thunder keraunophobia, tonitrophobia, brontophobia. time chronophobia. touching, being touched aphephobia, haphephobia. traveling hodophobia. trembling tremophobia. uncleanliness automysophobia. vaccination vaccinophobia. vehicles amaxophobia, hamaxophobia. venereal disease cypridophobia, venereophobia. voices phonophobia. walking basiphobia. water aquaphobia. wind anemophobia. women (females), gynephobia. work ergasiophobia. worms helminthophobia. writing graphophobia.

phobic (fo′bik)
Pertaining to or characterized by phobia.

phobophobia (fo-bo-fo′be-a)
Morbid dread of developing some phobia. [G. phobos, fear]

phocomelia, phocomely (fo-ko-me′le-a, fo-kom′e-le)
Defective development of arms or legs, or both, so that the hands and feet are attached close to the body, resembling the flippers of a seal. [G. phoke, a seal, + melos, extremity]

pholcodine (fol′ko-den)
A narcotic with little or no analgesic or euphorigenic activity, used mainly as an antitussive.

pholedrine (fol′e-dren)
A sympathomimetic agent for the treatment of shock; also an adrenergic and vasopressor.

Phoma (fo′ma)
A genus of rapidly growing fungi that are common laboratory contaminants and common plant pathogens; rare cause of infection in immunosuppressed patients.

phon (fon)
A unit of loudness of sound.

phon-
See phono-.

phonacoscope (fo-nak′o-skop)
An instrument for increasing the intensity of the percussion note or of the voice sounds, the examiner's ear or the stethoscope being placed on the opposite side of the chest. [phon- + G. akouo, to listen, + skopeo, to view]

phonacoscopy (fo-na-kos′ko-pe)
Examination of the chest by means of the phonacoscope.

phonal (fo′nal)
Relating to the voice or to sound. [G. phone, voice]

phonarteriogram (fon-ar-ter′e-o-gram)
An obsolete technique for recording sound created in arteries.

phonarteriography (fon-ar-ter′e-og′ra-fe)
The procedure of obtaining a phonarteriogram.

phonasthenia (fo-nas-the′ne-a)
Weak voice production, which may be due to fatigue. SYN: functional vocal fatigue. [phon- + G. astheneia, weakness]

phonation (fo-na′shun)
The production of sounds by vibration of the vocal folds. [G. phone, voice]

phonatory (fo′na-tor-e)
Relating to phonation.

phoneme (fo′nem)
The smallest speech sound that provides meaning. [G. phonema, a voice]

phonemic (fo-ne′mik)
Pertaining to or having the characteristics of a phoneme.

phonendoscope (fo-nen′do-skop)
A stethoscope that intensifies the auscultatory sounds by means of two parallel resonating plates, one resting on the patient's chest or attached to a stethoscope tube, the other vibrating in unison with it. [phon- + G. endon, within, + skopeo, to view]

phonetic (fo-net′ik)
Relating to speech or to the voice. SEE ALSO: phonic. [G. phonetikos]

phonetics (fo-net′iks)
The science of speech and of pronunciation. SYN: phonology.

phoniatrics (fo-ne-at′riks)
The study of speech; the science of speech. [phon- + G. iatrikos, of the healing art]

phonic (fon′ik, fo′nik)
Relating to the voice or to sound. SEE ALSO: phonetic.

phono-, phon-
Sound, speech, or voice sounds. [G. phone]

phonoangiography (fo′no-an-je-og′ra-fe)
Recording and analysis of the frequency-intensity components of the bruit of turbulent arterial blood flow through a stenotic lesion. [phono- + G. angeion, vessel, + grapho, to write]




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