|| ANATOMY || DISEASES || DRUGS || HEALTH TOPICS || USA HEALTH STATS || CHINA HEALTH STATS || GENOMICS || LABORATORY MICE || LUPUS ||
Medical Dictionary banner
Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


sarcomatoid (sar-ko′ma-toyd)
Resembling a sarcoma. [sarcoma + G. eidos, resemblance]

sarcomatosis (sar′ko-ma-to′sis)
Occurrence of several sarcomatous growths on different parts of the body. [sarcoma + G. -osis, condition]

sarcomatous (sar-ko′ma-tus)
Relating to or of the nature of sarcoma.

sarcomere (sar′ko-mer)
The segment of a myofibril between two adjacent Z lines, representing the functional unit of striated muscle. [sarco- + G. meros, part]

sarconeme (sar′ko-nem)
SYN: microneme. [sarco- + G. nema, thread]

sarcoplasm (sar′ko-plazm)
The nonfibrillar cytoplasm of a muscle fiber. [sarco- + G. plasma, a thing formed]

sarcoplasmic (sar-ko-plaz′mik)
Relating to sarcoplasm.

sarcoplast (sar′ko-plast)
SYN: satellite cell of skeletal muscle. [sarco- + G. plastos, formed]

sarcopoietic (sar′ko-poy-et′ik)
Forming muscle. [sarco- + G. poiesis, a making]

Sarcopsylla penetrans (sar-ko-sil′a pen′e-tranz)
SYN: Tunga penetrans.

Sarcopsyllidae (sar-kop-sil′li-de)
Older name for Tungidae. [sarco- + G. psylla, flea]

Sarcoptes scabiei (sar-kop′tez ska′be-i)
Formerly Acarus scabiei, the itch mite, varieties of which are distributed worldwide and affect humans, horses, cattle, swine, sheep, dogs, cats, and many wild animals; serious and fatal infections are not uncommon in untreated animals. Although considered to belong to a single species, they do not readily pass from one host to another of a different animal species; transitory infections of this type do occur, however, especially from various animals to humans, and are spread by direct contact. The mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs within the burrow; intense itching and rash develop near the burrow in about a month. See scabies, mange. [sarco- + G. kopto, to cut; L. scabies, scurf]

sarcoptic (sar-kop′tik)
Of, relating to, or caused by mites of the genus Sarcoptes or other members of the family Sarcoptidae.

sarcoptid (sar-kop′tid)
Common name for members of the Sarcoptidae, a family of mites that includes the genera Sarcoptes, Knemidokoptes, and Notoedres.

sarcosine (Sar) (sar′ko-sen)
N-Methylglycine;an intermediate in the metabolism of choline; it can donate a methyl group to tetrahydrofolate, yielding N5,N10-methylenetetrahydrofolate; demethylation by s. dehydrogenase yields formaldehyde, glycine, and a reduced acceptor; elevated in certain inherited disorders. s. dehydrogenase an enzyme that cleaves s. using some acceptor to produce glycine, formaldehyde, and a reduced acceptor molecule; a deficiency of this enzyme will result in sarcosinemia.

sarcosinemia (sar′ko-si-ne′me-a) [MIM*268900]
A disorder of amino acid metabolism due to deficiency of sarcosine dehydrogenase, causing the sarcosine level to rise in blood plasma and be excreted in the urine; some affected infants fail to thrive, are irritable, may have muscle tremors, and have retarded motor and mental development; autosomal recessive inheritance. SYN: hypersarcosinemia.

sarcosis (sar-ko′sis)
1. An abnormal increase of flesh. 2. A multiple growth of fleshy tumors. 3. A diffuse sarcoma involving the whole of an organ. [G. sarkosis, the growth of flesh, fr. sarx, flesh]

sarcosome (sar′ko-som)
1. Formerly, any granule in a muscle fiber. 2. Now, sometimes used synonymously with myomitochondrion. [sarco- + G. soma, body]

sarcostosis (sar-kos-to′sis)
Ossification of muscular tissue. [sarco- + G. osteon, bone, + -osis, condition]

sarcotic (sar-kot′ik)
1. Relating to sarcosis. 2. Causing an increase of flesh.

sarcotripsy (sar′ko-trip-se)
Rarely used term for use of a crushing forceps to stop hemorrhage. [sarco- + G. tripsis, a rubbing]

sarcotubules (sar-ko-too′boolz)
The continuous system of membranous tubules in striated muscle that corresponds to the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of other cells.

sarcous (sar′kus)
Relating to muscular tissue; fleshy. [G. sarx, flesh]

sardonic grin (sar-don′ik)
SYN: risus caninus.

sargramostim (sar-gra-mos′tim)
A recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF); used to protect against infection in the presence of acute myelogenous leukemia and in bone marrow transplants.

sarin (zah-ren′)
A nerve poison similar to diisopropyl fluorophosphate and tetraethyl pyrophosphate; a very potent irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor and a more toxic nerve gas than tabun or soman. [Ger.]

sarmassation (sar-ma-sa′shun)
Erotic squeezing, kneading, or caressing of female tissues and organs. [G. sarx, flesh, + masso, to knead]

sarsaparilla (sar′sa-per-il′a, sas-per-il′a)
The dried root of Smilax aristolochiaefolia (Mexican s.), S. regelii (Honduras s.), S. febrifuga (Ecuadorian s.), or of undetermined species of Smilax (family Liliaceae), a thorny vine widely distributed throughout the tropical and semitropical world; it has been used in treatments of psoriasis, gout, rheumatism, and syphilis, and popularly as a “blood purifier.” [Sp. zarza, a bramble]

SART
Abbreviation for sinoatrial recovery time.

sartorius (sar-tor′e-us)
See s. (muscle). [L. sartor, a tailor, the muscle being used in crossing the legs in the tailor's position, fr. sarcio pp. sartus, to patch, mend]

Sartwell
Philip, U.S. epidemiologist, *1908. See S. incubation model.

sassafras (sas′a-fras)
The dried bark of the root of S. albidum (family Lauraceae), a tree of the eastern U.S.; a flavoring agent, diuretic, and diaphoretic; s. oil, a volatile oil obtained by distillation from the bark of S. albidum and S. variifolium, is used as a carminative, topical antiseptic, pediculicide, and flavoring agent.

sat.
Abbreviation for saturated or saturation, as in O2 sat.




A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

. . . Feedback